Chapter 1. Professional, Architectural Careers, Office Practice, and Opportunities. Links for Chapter 1. Architectural Careers. Design Basics. The Design Process. Related Web Sites. Architectural Careers. Beginning Drafter - Entry level position to gain experience and skill
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Chapter 1 Professional, Architectural Careers, Office Practice, and Opportunities
Links for Chapter 1 Architectural Careers Design Basics The Design Process Related Web Sites
Architectural Careers • Beginning Drafter - Entry level position to gain experience and skill • Experienced Drafter - Expected to make construction decisions based on initial designs • Positions are available with architects, engineers, and designers
Architectural Careers • Designer - May work under an architect and as a coordinator of many drafters • Architect - Must be licensed to practice • Designs residential and commercial buildings • Additional schooling beyond high school required • A variety of architectural careers available
Architectural Careers • Engineer - Work is more technical and requires high level of math and science • Education beyond high school required • A variety of engineering fields available • Required to pass an examination for certification
Architectural Careers • Illustrator - Combines artistic and architectural skills to produce drawings • Model Maker - Follows plans to build scale models
Architectural Careers • Specification Writer - Understands the construction process to write necessary details of the plans • Inspector - Checks plans to ensure codes and laws have been followed
Design Basics • Financial Considerations - Estimates for labor and material costs are calculated • The Client - Important to ensure that their desires in the project are being met accordingly
The Design Process • Initial Contact - The designers and client meet to discuss design ideas, fees, schedules, and ensure personalities are compatible
The Design Process • Preliminary Design Studies - Following the research, bubble drawings and scaled sketches are created • Rooms must be considered throughout this stage and may include room usage, furniture layout, and size requirements
The Design Process • Initial Working Drawings - A drafter begins to make working drawings that include the foundation, plot, roof, electrical, cabinet, and framing plans • Final Design Considerations - A conference with the client is needed to discuss the initial working drawings
The Design Process • Completion of Working Drawings - Drawings include at least: • (A) Architectural • (S) Structural • (M) Mechanical • (E) Electrical • (P) Plumbing
The Design Process • Permit Procedures - Once all plans are complete appropriate permits must be secured before construction begins • Job Supervision - Although not usually done by the designer, sometimes he/she is required to go to the site and solve problems.
Related Web Sites • Sweet’s System - www.sweets.com • National Association of Home Builders - www.nahbrc.org • Residential Architect Online - www.residentialarchitect.com • Architect’s First Source for Products - www.afsonl.com