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Politics in Pompeii. Stage 11 Culture Notes. When? End of March. Key Terms. fautores. supporters. duoviri. (IIVIR). judged cases presented in basilica; two elected annually. aediles. (aed.). supervised the following; two elected annually. a) public markets.

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Politics in pompeii

Politics in Pompeii

Stage 11 Culture Notes



Key terms
Key Terms

fautores

supporters

duoviri

(IIVIR)

judged cases presented in

basilica; two elected annually

aediles

(aed.)

supervised the following; two

elected annually

a) public markets

d) places of entertainment

b) police

e) water

c) baths

f) sewer


Key terms1
Key Terms

candidatus

a candidate

wore a toga whitened with chalk

candidus = white

tituli

election slogans painted on walls and houses

painted at night to avoid crowds or

opposing supporters (fautores)


Key terms2
Key Terms

divisor

agent who distributed bribes for

candidate; made promises on behalf

of candidate

praefectus

special officer appointed by

Emperor to run a town in the

event of problems

vicini

a group of supporters who live near

the candidate

comitium

the permanent voting hall in foro


Town council
Town Council

populus

100 leading citizens – free males

new members chosen by council not elected by people


Bribery
Bribery

Financial bribery was illegal but widely practiced.

Legal forms of bribery included games and

entertainment


Requirements of candidates
Requirements of Candidates

25 years old or older

resident of city or surrounding area

wealthy – no salaries for holding office

high morals and strong character

duovir must be an aedile before becoming duovir


Requirements
Requirements

  • Candidates would have to be wealthy because they were expected to :

put on a splendid spectaculum in the theater

pay for construction or repairs of public

buildings.


Politics in pompeii

No salary for public office

PERKS

honor and fame

preferred seating in the theater

and amphitheater

name inscribed on building

statue


Other facts
Other Facts

Caecilius was NOT a candidate

Pompeii could run its own affairs but

could come under Rome’s control if

it did not preserve law and order.

Voters: male citizens

Women could not cast a vote

but were active in local politics


Election graffiti
Election Graffiti

Written on houses and business

Large red and black letters

ALL CAPS

Dots between letters

Painted by professional slogan

writers/ painters



Election graffiti abbreviations
Election Graffiti - abbreviations

OVF

oro vos faciatis

I beg you to make

DPR

dignus rei publicae

a man worthy of the republic

“worthy of holding office”

rogat - asks

ROG


Campaign slogans
Campaign Slogans

C GAVIUM RUFUM AED OVF GRANIS ROG

(there is no U in Latin - so V = U; there is no

J in Latin – so J = I)

Gaius Gavium Rufus (for) Aedile

I beg you elect (him) Granius asks this


Campaign slogans1
Campaign Slogans

M HolconiumPriscumIIvir

Marcus Holconius Priscus for duovir


Another slogan
Another Slogan

C IVLIVM POLYBIVM A E D O V F. PANEM BONVM FERT.

I ask you to elect Gaius Iulius Polybius.

He bakes good bread.


Another slogan1
Another Slogan

C GAVIVM IIVIR O V F D R P

VESONIVS PRIMVS ROG.

I ask you to elect Gaius Gavius Rufus

duovir. He is worthy of the Republic.

Vesonius Primus asks this.


Two more
Two more

M CERRINUM VATIAM AED. O.V.F. SERIBIBI UNIVERSI ROGANT. SCR. FLORUS CUM FRUCTO.

All the late-night drinkers ask you to vote for Marcus CerrinusVatia for aedile. Florus and Fructus wrote this.

VATIAM AED. FURUNCULI ROG.

The petty thieves support Vatia for aedile.


Politics in pompeii

CN HELVIUM SABINUM AEDILEM ALIARI ROGANT.

The garlic dealers ask that you support GnaeusHeviusSabinus for aedile.