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POMPEII

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  1. POMPEII A town destroyed by Vesuvius on August 24th/25th AD 79 Peter Mountford PhD Student University of Melbourne

  2. An Overview of the Lecture • My personal experiences and impressions. • Ancient literary sources. • The character of the region and the town. • A brief history of the excavations. • Problems facing the archaeologists. • The exhibition itself. • Daily life in Pompeii.

  3. Bay of Naples, Italy Cumae Naples Baiae Herculaneum Vesuvius Misenum Pompeii Ischia Stabiae Sorrento Positano Capri

  4. Vesuvius and its surrounds

  5. Wall-painting of Vesuvius

  6. Oplontis – Villa of Poppaea

  7. Oplontis – reception room

  8. Herculaneum

  9. Herculaneum - street

  10. Herculaneum – House of the Beautiful Courtyard

  11. Pompeii

  12. Pompeii

  13. Wall-painting – harbour of Pompeii

  14. Earliest signs of occupation seem to date from C7th/6th BC. • Origins may be Oscan (local Italian people), Etruscan or Greek with Samnite participation. • Earliest part of the town in SW corner. • A flourishing town by late C3rd BC. • Loyal to Rome during Hannibal’s invasion. • Fought against Rome in the Social Wars 91-88 BC.

  15. Besieged by Sulla and forced to surrender. • Spared from destruction. • Became a Roman colony – Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeiana. • Governed by duumvirs and a town council. • Damaged by an earthquake in AD 62. • Rebuilding still in progress when the town was buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79.

  16. House of the Fugitives

  17. Some of the fugitives

  18. More of the same

  19. Ibid - Casts of dog and wild boar

  20. Victim of the eruption in the storeroom by the forum

  21. Victim in the macellum

  22. House of M Lucretius Fronto – Wall-painting of Mars and Venus

  23. House of the Ceii

  24. Caecilius

  25. Pompeii

  26. Pompeian street

  27. Large theatre

  28. Small theatre or odeon

  29. Gladiators’ barracks and training ground

  30. Amphitheatre with Vesuvius in the background

  31. Amphitheatre

  32. Wall-painting – Riot in the amphitheatre in AD 59

  33. Palaestra – exercise area

  34. Palaestra and swimming pool

  35. Bar - thermopolium

  36. Temple of Apollo

  37. Apollo

  38. Forum baths

  39. Stucco ceiling in the Forum baths

  40. Brothel

  41. Bakery of Modestus

  42. Wall painting - bakery

  43. Carbonized loaf

  44. Wall-painting - builders

  45. Marble plaque – metal workers

  46. Weights and measures

  47. Writing implements

  48. Silver dinnerware

  49. Lady’s wood and ivory vanity box

  50. Pompeii