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POMPEII . A town destroyed by Vesuvius on August 24 th /25 th AD 79 Peter Mountford PhD Student University of Melbourne. An Overview of the Lecture. My personal experiences and impressions. Ancient literary sources. The character of the region and the town.

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POMPEII


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    1. POMPEII A town destroyed by Vesuvius on August 24th/25th AD 79 Peter Mountford PhD Student University of Melbourne

    2. An Overview of the Lecture • My personal experiences and impressions. • Ancient literary sources. • The character of the region and the town. • A brief history of the excavations. • Problems facing the archaeologists. • The exhibition itself. • Daily life in Pompeii.

    3. Bay of Naples, Italy Cumae Naples Baiae Herculaneum Vesuvius Misenum Pompeii Ischia Stabiae Sorrento Positano Capri

    4. Vesuvius and its surrounds

    5. Wall-painting of Vesuvius

    6. Oplontis – Villa of Poppaea

    7. Oplontis – reception room

    8. Herculaneum

    9. Herculaneum - street

    10. Herculaneum – House of the Beautiful Courtyard

    11. Pompeii

    12. Pompeii

    13. Wall-painting – harbour of Pompeii

    14. Earliest signs of occupation seem to date from C7th/6th BC. • Origins may be Oscan (local Italian people), Etruscan or Greek with Samnite participation. • Earliest part of the town in SW corner. • A flourishing town by late C3rd BC. • Loyal to Rome during Hannibal’s invasion. • Fought against Rome in the Social Wars 91-88 BC.

    15. Besieged by Sulla and forced to surrender. • Spared from destruction. • Became a Roman colony – Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeiana. • Governed by duumvirs and a town council. • Damaged by an earthquake in AD 62. • Rebuilding still in progress when the town was buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79.

    16. House of the Fugitives

    17. Some of the fugitives

    18. More of the same

    19. Ibid - Casts of dog and wild boar

    20. Victim of the eruption in the storeroom by the forum

    21. Victim in the macellum

    22. House of M Lucretius Fronto – Wall-painting of Mars and Venus

    23. House of the Ceii

    24. Caecilius

    25. Pompeii

    26. Pompeian street

    27. Large theatre

    28. Small theatre or odeon

    29. Gladiators’ barracks and training ground

    30. Amphitheatre with Vesuvius in the background

    31. Amphitheatre

    32. Wall-painting – Riot in the amphitheatre in AD 59

    33. Palaestra – exercise area

    34. Palaestra and swimming pool

    35. Bar - thermopolium

    36. Temple of Apollo

    37. Apollo

    38. Forum baths

    39. Stucco ceiling in the Forum baths

    40. Brothel

    41. Bakery of Modestus

    42. Wall painting - bakery

    43. Carbonized loaf

    44. Wall-painting - builders

    45. Marble plaque – metal workers

    46. Weights and measures

    47. Writing implements

    48. Silver dinnerware

    49. Lady’s wood and ivory vanity box

    50. Pompeii