POMPEII A town destroyed by Vesuvius on August 24th/25th AD 79 Peter Mountford PhD Student University of Melbourne
An Overview of the Lecture • My personal experiences and impressions. • Ancient literary sources. • The character of the region and the town. • A brief history of the excavations. • Problems facing the archaeologists. • The exhibition itself. • Daily life in Pompeii.
Bay of Naples, Italy Cumae Naples Baiae Herculaneum Vesuvius Misenum Pompeii Ischia Stabiae Sorrento Positano Capri
Earliest signs of occupation seem to date from C7th/6th BC. • Origins may be Oscan (local Italian people), Etruscan or Greek with Samnite participation. • Earliest part of the town in SW corner. • A flourishing town by late C3rd BC. • Loyal to Rome during Hannibal’s invasion. • Fought against Rome in the Social Wars 91-88 BC.
Besieged by Sulla and forced to surrender. • Spared from destruction. • Became a Roman colony – Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeiana. • Governed by duumvirs and a town council. • Damaged by an earthquake in AD 62. • Rebuilding still in progress when the town was buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79.