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Pompeii

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  1. Pompeii

  2. Strabo’s chronology V.4.8 • Oscans • Etruscans • Pelasgians (Greeks) • Samnites

  3. ‘Altstadt’

  4. Sarno river

  5. Early History • Traces of remains as early as 2nd millennium BCE. • Early small settlement • Foundation of town= 6th c. BCE ( Greeks?Etruscans?) • 5th century--- Samnites

  6. Greek Vases

  7. Etruscans

  8. Walls, Temple of Apollo, Doric Temple (600- 550 BC)

  9. Greeks ( Temples)

  10. Doric Temple

  11. ‘Altstadt’

  12. Greeks vs. Etruscans • 525 BCE Etruscans attack Greeks at Cumae • Greeks win and 50 years later get the Etruscans out of Campania • But……

  13. Samnites

  14. Capture Cumae, • Capua • 5th c. Campania=Samnite

  15. Oscan

  16. Samnite Building evidence? • 4th c. on Pompeii is part of loose Samnite alliance. • No visible buildings • Traces under existing buildings

  17. Temple of Venus (Mephitis)

  18. 343 BCE- 290 BCE– Samnite Wars

  19. Punic Wars-Carthage-Hannibal • 218 BC Pompeii remains loyal absorbed by Rome as ally

  20. Social War

  21. Sulla’s Seige

  22. Ballista

  23. 2nd and 1st centuries BC • Prosperity and building

  24. House of the Faun Opus sectile

  25. Temple of Jupiter

  26. Construction techniques Opus reticulatum (60 BCE) Opus craticum (late 1st c. BCE onward)

  27. Pre-Roman and later ( Opus Africanum)

  28. Pre-Roman and later (Opus quadratum)

  29. Opus caementicium 200 BC and later

  30. Opus incertum

  31. Opus latericium

  32. Opus vittatum mixtum

  33. Opus reticulatum

  34. Building spree

  35. Sulla’s Seige

  36. 80 BCE – Sulla’s Roman Colony Colonia CorneliaVeneria Pompeianorum

  37. Spartacus

  38. Romans on the Bay of Naples

  39. Roman Empire Roman Empire------------------------------------------------- Augustus and Julio-Claudians 27BC-AD 69 ( Nero AD 54-68) Flavians (Vespasian/Titus) AD 69- AD 79

  40. Roman Empire - Augustus