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Harlem Renaissance and Great Migration

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  1. Harlem Renaissance and Great Migration

  2. Warm-up • Think back to what we have learned in this unit. List three push factors for why people moved to America and three pull factors.

  3. Debate • Debate will be MondayMarch 28th • Debate Topic: Illegal immigrant are a drain on our society and should be removed no matter how long they have been in the U.S.

  4. Test • Test will be Tuesday March 29th. • I will give you a review sheet Wednesday • I will have coach class on Wednesday and Thursday this week.

  5. Review last week • What was it like to be a refugee? • What are difficulties refugees faced? • Who are illegal immigrants? • How many are in the United States? • Should we let them stay or make them go?

  6. Question of the Day • What challenges did African Americans face that caused them to move? Describe the lives of African Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.

  7. Continuing Themes

  8. Great Migration

  9. Video on the Great Migration • 1. Why did African Americans move to the North? • 2. What opportunities did it provide? • 3. Were there any negatives for African Americans moving to the north?

  10. Video

  11. Causes of the Migration • Emancipation Proclamation • Urbanization • Escape discrimination: Jim Crow Laws • War industries • Shortage of workers because of Immigration Act of 1924 • Great Mississippi Flood of 1927

  12. Effects of the Migration • First large black urban communities in the north • New discrimination • Poor working conditions • Segregation

  13. Second Great Migration

  14. Causes of the 2nd Migration • Moved to cities • Already urban laborers from cities in the South • Better educated and had better skills

  15. Effects of the Migration • African Americans 80% urbanized • 53% in the south • 40% northeast • 7% north central and west • African Americans became more unionized; • They entered the middle class in larger numbers, with the help of skilled industrial jobs; • They worked in many industrial fields; and • African-American communities in cities occupied a range of jobs and professions. The concentrations of populations supported their creation of black-owned businesses, such as insurance, funeral homes, hairdressers and barber shops, and they supported their own doctors and lawyers

  16. Harlem Renaissance • The name given to the period from the end of World War I and through the middle of the 1930s Depression, during which a group of talented African-Americans produced a sizable body of art, literature and music.

  17. Main Themes of the Harlem Renaissance • "One ever feels his two-ness - an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two un- reconciled stirrings: two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.” –W.E.B. Dubois

  18. I Too Sing America by Langston Hughes I, too, sing America. I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong. Tomorrow, I'll be at the table When company comes. Nobody'll dare Say to me, "Eat in the kitchen,“ Then. Besides, They'll see how beautiful I am And be ashamed— I, too, am America. I

  19. Palmer Hayden Jeunesse

  20. “Into Bondage”

  21. Incident by Countee Cullen Once riding in old Baltimore,Heart-filled, head-filled with glee,I saw a BaltimoreanKeep looking straight at me. Now I was eight and very small,And he was no whit bigger,And so I smiled, but he poked outHis tongue, and called me, "Nigger."I saw the whole of BaltimoreFrom May until December;Of all the things that happened thereThat's all that I remember.

  22. “Blues”

  23. Signs of Change by Elliot Campbell Once driving through Alabama, Excited, and felling good because I had just came from a Jazz concertI see a white man.I notice him looking at me but I do not look back. I know they do not like blacks in this area.He starts to walk toward me.He gets closer and closer until we are face to face.He asks me my name. I say nothing.He says he just came over to tell me that my tire was flat And that I might want change it,I was surprised that he came and talked to me.I was even more surprised that he let me know that my tire was flat.I guess that goes to that there is a sign of change.

  24. “Chain Gang”

  25. Africa by Claude McKay THE sun sought thy dim bed and brought forth light, The sciences were sucklings at thy breast; When all the world was young in pregnant night Thy slaves toiled at thy monumental best. Thou ancient treasure-land, thou modern prize, New peoples marvel at thy pyramids! The years roll on, thy sphinx of riddle eyes Watches the mad world with immobile lids. The Hebrews humbled them at Pharaoh's name. Cradle of Power! Yet all things were in vain! Honor and Glory, Arrogance and Fame! They went. The darkness swallowed thee again. Thou art the harlot, now thy time is done, Of all the mighty nations of the sun.

  26. Create your own 1920s Art • You will now use the Worksheet I handed out to help you create your own 1920s Art! • This assignment is worth a quiz grade. Please put time and effort into the assignment.

  27. You Lived It! • Write a story pretending that you were an African-American migrating. • Tell us where you have decided to go and why you are leaving your home.