Class Website Chsafroamericanlit.weebly.com
Essential Questions • How Did A.A. identity change and grow During the Harlem Renaissance? • How do we construct meaning from art and literature? • What relationship do literature and society share? • Can art impact the future?
Word of the day • n) Context • the words that are used with a certain word or phrase and that help to explain its meaning • : the situation in which something happens : the group of conditions that exist where and when something happens
What was it? • Time period after WW1- 1920’s and early 30’s • “Great Migration” • expanded cultural awareness / artistic and political expression for African Americans • “Jazz Age” • “The New Negro” • NAACP
World War 1 • Time for blacks to prove their patriotism and worthiness for equal treatment • 13% of draftees, yet only 10% of population • Many stayed in France because of less racism • Veterans came home to increasing racial tensions • Whites feared black soldiers demanding equality
“The Great Migration” Southern Conditions -Post Reconstruction- 1878 -“Jim Crow” racial segregation laws -Sharecropping -What do you think happens to many blacks?
“The Chicago Defender” • Black weekly newspaper that used editorials, cartoons, and articles with blazing headlines to attract attention to the movement • Founded by Robert S. Abbott
Defender Cartoons • after fifty years of continuing oppression following emancipation, Southern blacks were finally liberating themselves from white landlords and creditors by immigrating to northern cities, where jobs and education awaited them.
“The Great Migration” Urban Conditions • Roughly 500,000 migrated from 1914-20 • Industrial opportunity generated by the war • Lived in slums and tenements • Were often looked down upon by Upper Class Northern Blacks • Intense racism and segregation from Northern Whites
Compare this to Modern Day Stereotypes! • “People we • can get • along without” thout
Migration’s Impact • The Great Migration marked a significant moment in the economic, political, social, and cultural growth of modern black America. • Question: Think about how it still impacts us today?
Important Sources • http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5332/- Letters to the Defender from southern blacks • http://www.phillipscollection.org/migration_series/flash/experience.cfm- Jacob Lawrence’s migration series
Coming Up Next • A look at the migration series by Jacob Lawrence • Jumping into poetry from the Harlem Renaissance • “Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom” : a look at the blues • Short Stories and Non-Fiction from the era