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Harlem Renaissance

Harlem Renaissance

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Harlem Renaissance

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  1. Harlem Renaissance

  2. Harlem Renaissance • 1920s and 30s • Based primarily in Harlem • A flowering of African American art, literature, and music

  3. Characteristics • Created a consciousness about what it meant to be a black American • Sought to break down racial stereotypes • Emphasized and celebrated the creative ability of black Americans

  4. William JohnsonJesus and 3 Marys William JohnsonSelf Portrait with Bandana

  5. William H. JohnsonCafe

  6. Aaron DouglasInto Bondage1936

  7. Lois Mailou JonesThe Lovers Lois Mailou JonesLes Fetiches

  8. Archibald Motley, Jr.Blues

  9. Blues & Jazz

  10. African American origins Based on “blue” notes and chords Slightly lower pitch than major scale Bessie SmithSt. Louis Blues One of the best known blues songs Rich, deep alto voice used to convey emotion Blues

  11. Bessie SmithSt. Louis Blues

  12. Big Band & Swing • No microphones meant that musicians increased band size to increase sound • Little room for improvisation • Dominant American pop music in 30s and 40s

  13. Duke EllingtonSatin Doll Composer Pianist Band leader Pulitzer prize winner Big Band

  14. Duke EllingtonSatin Doll

  15. Jazz • Distinctly American • Early 20th Century • Improvised solos • Polyrhythms

  16. Louis ArmstrongWest End Blues Virtuoso on the trumpet Improvisation passes from trumpet other instruments Scat singing Jazz

  17. Louis ArmstrongWest End Blues

  18. Different form of jazz Faster tempos More intricate melodies Charlie Parker & Dizzy Gillespie KoKo Saxophone – Charlie Parker Trumpet – Dizzy Gillespie Bebop

  19. Charlie Parker & Dizzy Gillespie KoKo

  20. Origins in Sub-Saharan Africa Used in public gatherings Cab Calloway Jazz singer Band leader Actor Call and Response

  21. Cab Calloway Minnie the Moocher Hi De Ho Man

  22. Modern Blues

  23. Stevie Ray VaughnTexas Flood