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MEXICO Luis Fernando Valenzuela Silva
location • The United Mexican States commonly known as Mexico, is bordered on the north by United States , on the south-west by the Pacific Ocean, on the south-east by Guatemala, Belize and the Caribbean Sea and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico.
history • Campfire remains in the Valley of Mexico have been radiocarbon-dated to 21,000 BCE, and a few chips of stone tools have been found near the hearths, indicating the presence of humans at that time.Around 9,000 years ago, ancient indigenous peoples domesticated corn and initiated an agricultural revolution, leading to the formation of many complex civilizations.
Geography • Mexico is located at about 23° N and 102° Win the southern portion of North America. Almost all of Mexico lies in the North American Plate, with small parts of the Baja California peninsula on the Pacific and Cocos Plates. Geophysically, some geographers include the territory east of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec within Central America. Geopolitically, however, Mexico is entirely considered part of North America, along with Canada and the United States.
Basic Info • Population: 109,840,000 • Coin Change (Money): Mexican Peso • Language: Spanish • Religion: Catholic • Area: 1,972,550 km2
Basic info • Capital: Mexico City • Official languages: Spanish • Demonym: Mexican • GovernmentFederal: presidential republic • Independence from :Spain • Declared September 16, 1810
Importantcities • Mexico City • Monterrey • Guadalajara
economy • he economy of Mexico is the 11th largest in the world. Since the 1994 crisis, administrations have improved the country's macroeconomic fundamentals. Mexico was not significantly influenced by the recent 2002 South American crisis, and has maintained positive rates of growth after a brief period of stagnation in 2001.
communications • The telecommunications industry is mostly dominated by Telmex (Teléfonos de México), privatized in 1990. As of 2006, Telmex had expanded its operations to Colombia, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay and the United States. Other players in the domestic industry are Axtel andMaxcom.
Communications… • Due to Mexican orography, providing landline telephone service at remote mountainous areas is expensive, and the penetration of line-phones per capita is low compared to other Latin American countries, at forty-percent, however 82% of Mexicans over the age of 15 own a mobile phone. Mobile telephony has the advantage of reaching all areas at a lower cost, and the total number of mobile lines is almost two times that of landlines, with an estimation of 63 million lines. The telecommunication industry is regulated by the government through Cofetel.
religion • Mexico has no official religion, and the Constitution of 1917 and the anti-clerical laws imposed limitations on the church and sometimes codified state intrusion into church matters. The government does not provide any financial contributions to the church, and the church does not participate in public education. • The last census reported, by self-ascription, that 95% of the population is Christian. Roman Catholics are 89% of the total population, 47% percent of whom attend church services weekly. In absolute terms, Mexico has the world's second largest number of Catholics after Brazil.