Mexico Caylie Zhang
Language • 97% Speak Spanish • 7.1% speak indigenous languages • 1.2% don’t speak Spanish The law has granted more than 60 languages the status of “national languages”. Mexico has the largest Spanish speaking population in the world with more than twice as many as the second largest Spanish speaking county. It also has the largest number of Native American language speakers on the continent.
location/Geography • 23° N 102° W • total: 1,972,550 sq km land: 1,923,040 sq km water: 49,510 sq km • Capital: Mexico city • Land sharing: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, US 3,141 km Mexico is the world’s 14th largest country. Mexico is commonly not considered a Central American country. Its in north America
Climate/Weather • South: 24°C ~ 28°C • North: 20°C ~ 24°C • Above 2,000m: 16°C ~ 18°C The climate of Mexico varies according to altitude. Most of Mexico experiences a defined rainy season during the summer months
Government • federal republic • 31 states The United Mexican States are a federal presidential representative democratic republic whose government is based on a congressional system.
Culture Religion Music Art Holidays Sport Food
Religion • 95% Catholic The Spanish arrival and colonization brought Roman Catholicism to the country and became the main religion of Mexico. It’s the second largest Catholic nation in the world
Music • drums • flutes • sea shells • Voices • guitar The foundation of the music of Mexico comes from its indigenous sounds and heritage
Art • Folk art Mexico is known worldwide for its folk art traditions, mostly derived from a combination of the indigenous and Spanish crafts.
Holidays • Carnaval • Senama Santa • Cinco de mayo • Día de los During the festicals, the people pray and burn candles to honour their saints in churches decorated with flowers and colourful utensils.
Sports • Charrería • Bullfighting • Soccer • Baseball • Football Soccer is the most popular sport in Mexico, however, boxing, baseball, long distance races, and, more recently, golf are also popular.
Food • Taco • Nachos • Cheese Crisp • Chicken Topopo Salad Mexican food is a style of food that originated in Mexico. Mexican cuisine is known for its intense and varied flavors, colorful decoration, and variety of spices.
Mexico timeline 15,000 B.C. – the first Native American inhabitants arrive in Mexico. 5000 B.C. – the cultivation of corn is perfected. 3500 B.C. -- villages and towns appear in central Mexico. 1200 ~ 200 B.C. – Olmec civilization flourishes in the Gulf Coast region of Mexico. A.D. 200 ~ 600 -- Teotihuacán civilization flourishes in the valley of Mexico. 300 ~ 900– Mayan civilization 1250 ~ 1520– the Aztecs rule most of Mexico. 1520 ~ 1810– ruled by Spain “New Spain” 1810 – against the Spain 1821 – won its independence.
1836 – lost texas 1846 ~ 1848– Mexican war. 1863 – the French invade Mexico to make Archduke Maximilian of Austria its emperor. 1877 ~1911-- Porfirio Díaz rules Mexico. 1910 ~1911– Francisco Madero against the Díaz 1911 – Madero elected president. 1913 – Madero killed by General Victoriano Huerta. 1914 – General Victoriano Carranza became president. 1915 ~ 50– Carranza returns to rule but battles the forces of Villa and Zaapta 1919 – the forces of Carranza assassinated Zapata 1920 – revolution ends