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New England. The Puritans. The Plymouth Colony The Puritans wanted to remove all vestiges of Catholicism from the Anglican Church (Church of England) The Pilgrims established the Plymouth colony as a place to practice the Puritan religion They were NOT tolerant of other religions!!
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The Puritans The Plymouth Colony • The Puritans wanted to remove all vestiges of Catholicism from the Anglican Church (Church of England) • The Pilgrims established the Plymouth colony as a place to practice the Puritan religion • They were NOT tolerant of other religions!! • In a view of things to come in New England, fish, fur and lumber become economic staples Massachusetts Bay Colony • In 1629 a new group of Puritans gained a royal charter for a new colony • Just one year later, a wave of new Puritan immigrants, including John Winthrop, came to the New World • This was known as the Great Migration • Most were seeking freedom or fleeing the civil war in England
The Baby Steps to Democracy Early Political Institutions • Minority Rule • Took the form of the Mayflower Compact • This allowed the Puritans to maintain control of Plymouth Colony. • Representative Government in Massachusetts • Members of the Puritan Church • Town Meetings • Limited Democracy: • Only white, 17 years old, male landowners were generally allowed to participate in the political process
Problems in New England The Halfway Covenant: • The weakening of Puritan control led them to adopt the Halfway Covenant • People could become members of the church w/o making a full declaration of their belief in Christ • This was generally adopted because of the lessening interest of the colonial-born population in religious matters King Phillips’ War: • The New England Confederation fought a vicious war against, Metacom, who had united the tribes in and around New England • The colonists eventually prevailed and this was the last significant challenge posed by the N.A. in New England
Breaking Away Rhode Island • Founded by Roger Williams as a haven for religious tolerance • Created to escape the intolerance of Puritan society for different religions. Connecticut • The first constitution in America was drawn up by those in Conn. • The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut established a representative government. • It’s royal charter allowed them the freedom to choose their own governor
Loss of the Charter • Massachusetts lost their colonial charter when they refused to pay the taxes required in the Navigation Act and tariff and trade laws. • Even in 1684, the desire for freedom was present in the colonies.
The Salem Witch Trials • In 1692, the town of Salem held trials to determine the guilt of accused witches. • In the end, twenty people, men and women, were put to death by hanging.
Copy the following questions to answer during the video • Why was religion leaving Salem? • What divided the village in the beginning? • What sparked the mass hysteria of the Salem Witch trials? • What was considered evidence in the trials? • Why did some people confess even though they knew they were innocent? • How did the trials ultimately affect New England society?
The Mayflower Compact served to establish • Religious freedom throughout the colonies • The possibility of self-government • Trade agreements with England and France • A covenant between Separatists and non-Separatists
Use the information below to answer the question. • Acknowledged themselves as British subjects • Established a unit of government • Determined the right to create mutually beneficial laws • Agreed to abide by the laws created Which document does the information describe? • The Mayflower Compact • The Declaration of Independence • The Treaty of Paris of 1783 • The Treaty of Ghent
What is the significance of the Mayflower Compact? • It allowed for voting rights for all settlers. • It transferred ownership of the colony to the Puritans. • It provided for an even distribution of food among the colonists. • It established a foundation for self-government.
Which of the following groups founded Massachusetts? • Puritans • Quakers • Anglican ministers • Tobacco farmers
King Phillip’s War was an example of • Spain’s attempts to keep Great Britain and France out of the New World. • Native Americans’ efforts to drive white settlers out of Jamestown. • Conflict that existed between New Englanders moving west and Native Americans. • The struggle between the French and British for control of North America.