Geography The region is bounded to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Long Island Sound, and to the west by the state of New York. There are rivers and lakes, towering forests, mountain ranges, pastoral farmland and countryside, and dramatic rocky coastline and soft, sandy beaches.
Geography New England has generally thin, stony soil, with little level land, and long winters, making it difficult to make a living from farming. Vermont is known for its dairy production.
Geography Impact • Seafood and wild game supplemented the foods New Englanders could grow at home. • Took advantage of regional produce; • Seafood • Apple cider • Maple syrup • Clambakes • Blueberries • Cranberries • Lobster
Climate Climate Impact New England has four distinct seasons Winters long and severe Summer avg. 80 degrees Winter avg. 25 degrees • Foods that are hardy and don’t have a long growing season • Potatoes • Dairy (cows)
History • One of the earliest English settlements in the “New World” • Had help from Native Americans in surviving the first winters • Land was so different that they had to learn new ways of farming, fishing, hunting and cooking. • Most farms were isolated and self-sufficient. • Declared independence from British rule
Historical Impact Needed to be thrifty and resourceful One pot meals The families learned to raise their own food. The men went hunting, fished, and collected clams from the ocean. The women made lots of stews with the meat and vegetables. They baked bread with the heat from their fireplaces. The families also could trade with each other for food. They did not have refrigerators to store their food. They had to keep their food in a cool place in their cellars.
Culture • The majority of the Euro-American population is of Irish, Italian, English, French, or German descent. • “Make do ….or do without” attitude • Needed to be thrifty and resourceful • Meals were social occasions • Winters gathered around fire--popcorn • Summers- clambakes • Saturday night suppers--baked beans and brown bread to last through Sunday night • Thanksgiving--pumpkin, venison, etc
Dishes • Native American foods • Johnny cakes – cornmeal flatbread • Oysters • Clam chowder • English traditions • Baked beans • Dairy products • Pies, pies, pies • Molasses and rum common because of the Triangle Trade • Many herbs were uncommon because they are not hardy. As a result, most New England dishes do not have much strong seasoning, nor are there many particularly spicy staple items.
Food Lobster Salt Water Taffy Whoopie Pie Grinders Succotash Cornbread Boston Cream Pie Cod
Fun Facts New Englanders love their ice cream and the town of Waterbury, Vermont, is the official home of Ben & Jerry’s HQ. Connecticut, New England’s southernmost state, has a wine trail through a collection of twenty unique vineyards. The oldest operating restaurant in the United States, the Union Oyster House (1826), is located in Boston, Massachusetts. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Xu4Uwianyw