conditional clauses n.
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Conditional Clauses. 1. Realistic Conditions. >> conditions which the speaker thinks can be fulfilled IF +INICATIVE , WILL-FUTURE If the plane arrives on time, we will catch our train. Unless it is raining tomorrow, we’ll have a barbecue. VARIATIONS

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1 realistic conditions
1. Realistic Conditions

>> conditions which the speaker thinks can be fulfilled

IF +INICATIVE , WILL-FUTURE

  • If the plane arrives on time, we will catch our train.
  • Unless it is raining tomorrow, we’ll have a barbecue.
slide3
VARIATIONS
    • If you can spare time, please come to my party. (imperative)
    • If you put thyme on pork chops, they taste a lot better. (general truth)
    • If we don’t feed the baby at 6am, he always gets (will get) very grumpy. (habitual action)
    • If he should get the job, he will have to move. (not very likely condition)
slide4
>> or (may) have already been fulfilled
  • If the plane has arrived on time, Pat will already be waiting for us.
  • If Kevin has broken his leg, he will be in plaster for weeks.
  • If the plane left on time, they’ll be landing in a few minutes.
  • If you have ever been to Capetown, you will have noticed how nice it is.
2 hypothetical unreal conditions
2. Hypothetical/unreal conditions

>> conditions which cannot be fulfilled or can only theoretically be fulfilled

IF + SIMPLE PAST , WOULD/MIGHT/COULD + INF

  • If I had a billion dollars, I would buy Chelsea London.
  • If I met Lady Gaga, I might borrow her outfit for Carnival.
  • If only I could play the guitar, I’d apply for a job with ACDC. (hyp. wish)
slide6
>> conditions which can no longer be fulfilled as they are a speculation about the past

IF + PAST PERFECT , CONDITIONAL PERFECT

(would/might/could + have + participle)

  • If she had left in time, she wouldn’t have been late for the movies.
  • If he hadn’t had his friend with him, it might have been a very dull party.
  • If only I hadn’t bought this house, we wouldn’t have had to borrow so much money from the bank. (hyp. wish referring to the past)
there are 4 types of conditional clauses variations
There are 4 types of conditional clauses (+ variations)
  • The zero conditional (Type 0)
  • Type 1 (if - present tense , will-future)
  • Type 2 (if - simple past , would+inf)
  • Type 3 (if – past perfect , would have + participle)
look at these sentences and decide which type of conditional clause it represents
Look at these sentences and decide which type of conditional clause it represents.
  • If she had seen you, she would have spoken to you.
  • If it rains, she‘ll stay home.
  • If he won the lottery, he would buy a Ferrari.
  • Even if you were the last man on Earth, I wouldn‘t go out with you.
  • If you heat water, it boils eventually.
  • If I were you, I would shave my armpits.
  • If we go to Aldi‘s, it will be chaeper.
  • If I hadn‘t gone to the party, I wouldn‘t have woken up with the worst hangover ever.