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Chapter 6 ・ Eliminating Clause-trophobia ・ p. 89. Clauses. A clause contains two important elements: a subject and a verb. An independent clause can be a sentence all by itself, and a dependent clause isn’t a sentence, it’s a fragment.

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clauses

Chapter 6 ・ Eliminating Clause-trophobia ・ p. 89

Clauses
  • A clause contains two important elements: a subject and a verb.
  • An independent clause can be a sentence all by itself, and a dependent clause isn’t a sentence, it’s a fragment.
  • Every sentence must have one independent clause, and some sentences have two.

Dependent=Sentence Fragment.

Write a dependent and independent clause.

The Giggly Guide to Grammar  2008 Cathy Campbell. All rights reserved. www.discoverwriting.com・For classroom use only.

adjective clauses

Chapter 6 ・ Eliminating Clause-trophobia ・ p. 92

Adjective Clauses
  • An adjective clause acts like an adjective. An adjective clause is essential or restrictive if it’s necessary to identify the noun or pronoun it modifies in a sentence. A nonessential or nonrestrictive adjective clause just adds extra information.

Which adjective clause is essential?

Which one is nonessential?

Tadpoles that swallow marbles sink when they try to swim.

Tadpoles, which are smaller than rhinos, become bloated when they swallow cantaloupes.

The Giggly Guide to Grammar  2008 Cathy Campbell. All rights reserved. www.discoverwriting.com・For classroom use only.

adverb clauses

Chapter 6 ・ Eliminating Clause-trophobia ・ p. 97

Adverb Clauses
  • An adverb clause is a type of dependent clause that functions as an adverb. Adverb clauses usually begin with subordinating conjunctions.

What’s the subordinating conjunction in the adverb clause?

Binky’s mother was upset because Binky brought home a tarantula for a pet.

The Giggly Guide to Grammar  2008 Cathy Campbell. All rights reserved. www.discoverwriting.com・For classroom use only.

simple sentence

Chapter 6 ・ Eliminating Clause-trophobia ・ p. 103

Simple Sentence
  • A simple sentence has only one independent clause.
  • A compound sentence has two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction.

What type of sentence

is this? How do you

know?

Sally’s feet fit her new sandals, but her toenails are too long.

The Giggly Guide to Grammar  2008 Cathy Campbell. All rights reserved. www.discoverwriting.com・For classroom use only.

complex sentence

Chapter 6 ・ Eliminating Clause-trophobia ・ p. 105

Complex Sentence
  • A complex sentence consists of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
  • A compound-complex sentence contains at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.

What type of sentence is this?

How do you know?

Salvador thought that he was becoming

a werewolf, but he discovered that he was simply suffering from a glandular disorder.

The Giggly Guide to Grammar  2008 Cathy Campbell. All rights reserved. www.discoverwriting.com・For classroom use only.