Clauses
Download
1 / 21

Clauses - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 148 Views
  • Uploaded on

Clauses. What is a clause?. A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and its verb. A phrase DOES NOT contain a subject and its verb whereas a clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb. Examples:. 1. Whenever I see a woodpecker. subject. verb.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Clauses' - aletha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript



Clauses

A phrase DOES NOT contain a subject and its verb whereas a clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.


Examples
Examples: clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

1. Whenever I see a woodpecker

subject

verb


Clauses

2. The girl with the yellow ribbons in her clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

hair stood outside of the movie theater.

subject

verb


General categories
General Categories clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

There are two general categories of clauses:

Independent (or main) clauses

AND

Subordinate (or dependent) clauses


Independent clause
Independent clause clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

Contains a subject, its verb, and a COMPLETE THOUGHT. Independent clauses can function as sentences.


Example
Example clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

I lost a shiny ring at the amusement park.

verb

This sentence contains a subject, its verb, and a complete thought. This is an independent clause.

subject


Subordinate clause
Subordinate clause clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

Contains a subject and a verb BUT DOES NOT EXPRESS A COMPLETE THOUGHT!!!! Subordinate clauses cannot stand alone as sentences; to make sense, they must attach to independent clauses. For this reason, subordinate clauses are sometimes called DEPENDENT clauses.


Example1
Example clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

Whenever I go to the gym

subject

verb

While this group of words contains a subject and a verb, it does not contain a complete thought. This is a subordinate clause. Subordinate clauses are sometimes called dependent clauses.


Clauses

Whenever I go to the gym, clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.I drive through my old neighborhood.

This sentence now makes sense because the meaning of the subordinate clause is completed.

Independent clause

Subordinate clause


Types of subordinate clauses
Types of subordinate clauses clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

Adjective clause – used as an adjective; modifies a noun or a pronoun

A family is more than a group of people who are related.

“who are related” modifies people (a noun) and functions as an adjective. Since it contains a subject and its verb, it is a clause. Therefore, it is a subordinate clause functioning as an adjective.


Keys to recognizing adjective clauses
Keys to recognizing adjective clauses clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

  • Look for key words that introduce adjective clauses

  • Relative pronouns: who, whose, whom, which, and that

    Ex. I bought a car that travels very fast.

  • Relative adverbs: when, where, why

    Ex. Some people still live in hunter-gatherer

    societies, where a “family” may have 20 to

    200 members.


Essential adjective clauses
Essential adjective clauses clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

  • Provides information that is essential, or necessary, to identify the preceding noun or pronoun.

    Ex. People who drink and drive can serve long prison sentences.


Nonessential adjective clauses
Nonessential adjective clauses clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

  • Add information to a sentence whose meaning is already clear

    Ex. Irene, who is your first cousin, was

    married last fall.

    NONESSENTIAL CLAUSES ARE SET OFF BY COMMAS!!!!


Guidelines for using that and which
GUIDELINES FOR USING THAT AND WHICH clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

Writers are often not sure whether to use that or which to introduce essential (restrictive) or nonessential (nonrestrictive) clauses. Follow these guidelines to use these words correctly.

That is used to introduce an essential clause.

Ex. The reception was held at a hotel that looks like a castle.

Which is used to introduce a nonessential clause.

Ex. The Clairmont Hotel, which looks like a castle, is 100 years old.


Adverb clauses
Adverb clauses clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

  • Subordinate clauses that modify verbs, adjectives, or adverbs. (Answer all of the questions answered by an adverb)

    Ex. Most children leave home when the time is right.


Subordinating conjunctions
Subordinating Conjunctions clause ALWAYS contains a subject and its verb.

  • Begin adverb clauses

  • See page 21 in your Grammar Mastery – for Better Writing workbook


Clauses
Examples - Closely examine the following groups of words. Name each group as either a phrase or a clause.

  • Whenever I see a fancy car

  • Screaming at the top of my lungs

  • That she is alone

  • Since the coach was angry

  • Because Mary likes the band N’Sync


Clauses

  • Unless she comes for dinner Name each group as either a phrase or a clause.

  • On which I spent several days

  • With a sick child in the back of the car

  • Tattered and worn from years of use