Mexico - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mexico

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  1. Mexico By Bex Kentfield & Francesca Hooper

  2. Basic Facts • Capital: Mexico City • Most populated: Mexico City / Veracruz / Guadalajara • Geography: Mexico is in middle or north America, and borders the Carribean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico • Current government: Republic, under President Marcelo Ebrard • Population: 109,955,400 • Trading: Oil and Silver

  3. Early Civilizations • Mesoamerica • 1500-600 BC, the Olmecs • Teotihuacán • The Zapotec people (an example of art on the right) • Mayans-AD 25-900, Flourished between 600 and 900 AD

  4. Spanish Invasion • 16th century, Mexico still Mayan • Spanish exploration leads to invasion by Cortez • Next 300 years- ‘New Spain’ • Hernando Cortés

  5. Wars Rebellion Against Spanish • Creoles • Sep 16th, 1810-Hidalgo • 1812-Morelos • Sep 18th, 1821-Independent govt. Mexican-US War • 1846-1848 • US wins states back – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

  6. Political Instability • 1861-President Juarez-church () • 1864-Archduke Maximillian- becomes emperor (picture above) • 1867- Juarez- ‘Restoration of the Republic’ • 1884-1911-Porfiro Diaz-dictatorship

  7. Revolution to Present Day • 1929: Formation of PRI, PartidoRevolucionarioInstitucional or Institutional Revolutionary Party. • 1994: Mexico joins NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) • 2000: PRI loses power to National Action Party (VicenteFoxas seen below)

  8. Illegal Immigration • Want better life-style in North America • ‘Push factor’ • 2002: 130,000 were deported • 2005: 120,000 from Central America (deported)

  9. Contemporary History • President Felipe Calderón (2006) • Won with 36.8% of votes • Drug Cartels • Captured Drug Cartel Leader – Pedro Diaz Parada (below)

  10. The Drug War (2008) • ‘It’s a war’ – Calderón • Small doses of certain drugs were legalized (April) • 9,903 deaths to do the ‘drug war’ • March: 2000 soldiers & federal police entered border town of Ciudad Juarez

  11. The End Thank You 