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Motivation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Motivation. Motivation. A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior. Early Motivation Theories. Motivation is based on our instincts:. A behavior that is patterned throughout a species and is UNLEARNED. Instinct Theory. Explains some animal behaviors.

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motivation2
Motivation
  • A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
early motivation theories
Early Motivation Theories

Motivation is based on our instincts:

  • A behavior that is patterned throughout a species and is UNLEARNED.
instinct theory
Instinct Theory
  • Explains some animal behaviors
  • Explains some human behaviors
  • Does not explain other human behaviors
drive reduction theory
Drive-Reduction Theory
  • The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.
  • The need is usually to maintain homeostasis.
drive reduction theory6
Drive-Reduction Theory
  • We are not only pushed by our needs but.…

Pulled by our incentives: a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior

optimum arousal
Optimum Arousal
  • Sometimes we do not seek homeostasis.
  • Sometimes we seek arousal.
  • Our needs go beyond reducing drives.
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