America: The New World - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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America: The New World

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  1. Why do people explore new worlds? America: The New World

  2. First interactions involved trading There was a mutual curiosity The Europeans relied on Native Americans for skills, and the Native Americans were eager for European goods. Disease wiped out huge populations Eventually settlers no longer needed help and kicked the Native Americansoff their own land. Forming new Relationships

  3. First group who produced many written works • Believed they needed to purify the church of England. • Used the scriptures to guide them • They suffered great persecution in Europe • Whipped, noses slit, ears chopped off The Puritans

  4. At heart of their religion was uncertainty and doubt • Uncertainty-Most humans would be damned for all eternity • Doubt- Were you one of the lucky ones who would be saved? • Two ways to tell • Grace enters your heart • Your actions reflect you are saved by grace • Value self-reliance, industry, temperance, and simplicity • Bible was the word of God and must be read by all members • Public life should record religious beliefs- Diaries, Journals The Puritans- Beliefs

  5. Contract between God and Humanity • The Mayflower Compact was a contract between settlers • Prepared the way for constitutional democracy • Those with grace should govern the community • Less democratic • Believed in religious education • Harvard 1636 The Puritans- Government

  6. Rationalism- humans can receive truth through reason • Don’t need religion as much • Isaac Newton • God is a clockmaker who watches his creation work • We all have reason, and can regulate our own lives and behavior • Deism- All People can be saved and are basically good • Literature became rooted in reality • In America people became tinkerers and experimenters The Age of Reason

  7. Ship from West Indies brought it • Cotton Mather- Puritan- • Believed sin caused it • Also sought a cure- inoculation had been discovered by a Turkish scientist • People bombed his house because of their prejudice • 300 received the inoculation and only 6 died • 6000 others didn’t, but 850 of them died • Two ideas can exist at once in an American • America needed more science and technology Small Pox