Why is Latin America called “ latin ” America?. The ancient Roman Empire spoke Latin from 100B.C.-400 A.D. They controlled what is modern-day France, Spain, and Portugal After the fall of the empire, Latin turned into French in France, Spanish in Spain, Portuguese in Portugal
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They controlled what is modern-day France, Spain, and Portugal
After the fall of the empire, Latin turned into French in France, Spanish in Spain, Portuguese in Portugal
In the 1500’s A.D., Spain conquered the “new world” in South America
They forced the people to learn Spanish, a language based on Latin
Today, the areas where Spain, Portugal, and France (but mainly Spain) conquered is called “Latin” America
Define: Conquistador – Spanish word for conqueror; (b) cultural convergence – merging of cultures
What countries does France still own?
France still owns French Guiana, Martinique, Guadeloupe
Where would you expect to find tectonic plate boundaries in Latin America? Whenever a tectonic plate smashes into another one, usually a mountain range forms. So the west coast, where the Andes Mountain Range is, is the tectonic plate fault line.
Based on the map, why do you think engineers would have chosen Panama for a canal? Because it is the narrowest point between the two continents and they wouldn’t have to dig as far.
Define: tropical storm – storm with winds at least 39 mph; hurricanes – winds at least 74 mph, and in cyclone pattern; El Nino – ocean current in the Pacific Ocean that warms the cost of Peru and causes floods and droughts other places in the world.
Name two cities of Latin America that lie within a tropical wet climate region. Bogota, Columbia and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Would you expect Bolivia to be more strongly affected by hurricanes or by El Nino? Probably El Nino because El Nino begins off the coast there and causes hurricanes in other parts of the world.
Define: mestizo – native American and European descent; mulatto – European and African
What are the four largest cities in Latin America? Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Mexico City. (b) Describe the relative location? Ex. Rio de Janeiro is south of Mexico city but North of Buenos Aires.
How might the map look if Brazilians continue to migrate to urban areas? The East coast will become more populated.
What effect might agricultural expansion have on rainforests? The rain forest will be cleared away to make more room for farms.
Based on climate and topography, how would you explain the distribution of economic activities in Latin America? The people of the Amazon Basin are mainly subsistence farmers due to the poor soil and wet climate. Most manufacturing and trade takes place near the coast because of proximity to sea routes.
- Characterized by warm tropical weather, rain forests, and coastal plains
- Characterized by coastal plains and highland mountains
- Many different characteristics with river system that connects them all
Define the following in your notebook:
*News related to a South American country.
*Hand written ( I don’t want to see the original article).
*Cite news source (CNN, New York Times, local news, etc.) and story headline
*At least 5 complete sentences
Speak loudly and clearly!
2 pt extra credit – 1 each: Name the other two European countries who established colonies in Latin America 100 years after the first ones.