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WORLD WAR II. PART TWO. MOBILIZING FOR DEFENSE. AMERICA JOINS THE WAR EFFORT. SELECTIVE SERVICE. 5 MILLION VOLUNTEERED 10 MILLION DRAFTED. WOMENS AUXILIARY ARMY CORPS (WAC or WAAC). WOMEN WERE PLACED IN NON-COMBAT POSITIONS SERVED AS NURSES, AMBULANCE DRIVERS, RADIO OPERATORS, AND PILOTS.

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world war ii

WORLD WAR II

PART TWO

mobilizing for defense

MOBILIZING FOR DEFENSE

AMERICA JOINS THE WAR EFFORT

selective service
SELECTIVE SERVICE
  • 5 MILLION VOLUNTEERED
  • 10 MILLION DRAFTED
womens auxiliary army corps wac or waac
WOMENS AUXILIARY ARMY CORPS (WAC or WAAC)
  • WOMEN WERE PLACED IN NON-COMBAT POSITIONS
  • SERVED AS NURSES, AMBULANCE DRIVERS, RADIO OPERATORS, AND PILOTS
dramatic contributions
DRAMATIC CONTRIBUTIONS
  • 33,000 JAPANESE AMERICANS JOINED
  • 25,000 NATIVE AMERICANS (NAVAJO CODE TALKERS)
industrial response
INDUSTRIAL RESPONSE
  • AUTOMOTIVE PLANTS NOW MAKING TANKS, PLANES, BOATS, AND COMMAND CARS
  • SOFT DRINK COMPANIES BEGAN FILLING SHELLS WITH EXPLOSIVES
labors contribution
LABORS CONTRIBUTION
  • WOMEN AND MINORITIES WORKED IN FACTORIES
  • Make less money and only temporary
mobilization of science
MOBILIZATION OF SCIENCE
  • OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (OSDR)
  • DEVELOPED RADAR AND SONAR
  • DVELOPED PESTICIDES LIKE DDT TO FIGHT LICE
slide15
PENICILLIN
  • WORKING ON ATOMIC BOMB
  • MANHATTAN PROJECT- THE EXTENSIVE CAMPAIGN TO BUILD AN A-BOMB
economic controls
ECONOMIC CONTROLS
  • OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION- FROZE WAGES AND PRICES, RATIONED MEAT, BUTTER, SUGAR, ETC.
  • WAR PRODUCTION BOARD- RATIONED FUEL AND MATERIAL VITAL TO THE WAR
victory gardens
Victory Gardens
  • Grow Your Own!!
  • Save Money & Conserve Food
battle of stalingrad
BATTLE OF STALINGRAD
  • GERMANY CONTROLLED 9/10 OF THE CITY BUT WAS STOPPED BY A SEVERE WINTER
  • SOVIETS REGROUPED AND TRAPPED THE GERMANS INSIDE
  • SOVIETS LOST A MILLION SOLDIERS IN THE BATTE
north african front
NORTH AFRICAN FRONT
  • OPERATION TORCH- AN INVASION OF AXIS-CONTROLLED NORTH AFRICA
  • COMMANDED BY DWIGHT EISENHOWER
  • AMERICAN FORCES DEFEATED GERMANY IN 1943
italian campaign
ITALIAN CAMPAIGN
  • AMERICAN TROOPS EASILY DEFEATED ITALY
  • MUSSOLINI STRIPPED AND REMOVED FROM POWER
  • THE BATTLE OF “BLOODY ANZIO”- HITLER SENT IN TROOPS TO FIGHT THE AMERICANS IN ITALY
slide38
25,000 ALLIED SOLDIERS KILLED
  • ITALY DID NOT COMPLETELY COLLAPSE UNTIL 1945
d day
D-DAY
  • OPERATION OVERLORD- THE INVASION OF FRANCE
  • A FORCE OF THREE MILLION ALLIED TROOPS WITH MOUNTAINS OF MILITARY SUPPLIES
d day operation overlord
D-Day (OPERATION OVERLORD)
  • THE LARGEST MILLITARY OPERATION

IN HISTORY

slide49
TO KEEP PLANS A SECRET ALLIES SET UP A HUGE PHANTOM ARMY WITH FALSE RADIO COMMUNICATIONS 150 MILES AWAY
  • D-DAY: JUNE 6, 1944
slide50
PARATROOPERS LANDED BEHIND ENEMY LINES AND WERE FOLLOWED BY SEABORNE SOLDIERS
  • THE LARGEST LAND-SEA-AIR-OPERATION IN ARMY HISTORY
slide51
DESPITE HEAVY CASUALITIES THE ALLIES HELD THE BEACHHEADS AND AN 80 MILE STRIP OF FRANCE AFTER 7 DAYS
fighting in europe
FIGHTING IN EUROPE
  • HARSHEST CONDITIONS OF ANY WAR EVER FOUGHT
  • FOX HOLES- HOLES THAT SOLDIERS DUG AND THEN FOUGHT OUT OF
battle of the bulge
BATTLE OF THE BULGE
  • LAST ATTEMPT BY THE GERMANS
  • TANK DIVISIONS DIVIDED BY BRITISH AND US TROOPS
  • BATTLE RAGED FOR A MONTH
  • 120,000 GERMANS DIED
  • FROM THIS POINT ON THE NAZI’S COULD DO LITTLE MORE THAN RETREAT
unconditional surrender
UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER
  • SOVIETS AND THE US CLOSED IN ON GERMANY
  • HITLER SHOT HIMSELF
  • MAY 8, 1945- ALLIES CELEBRATE V-E DAY: VICTORY IN EUROPE
  • FDR DIED OF A STROKE
  • HARRY S. TRUMAN BECOMES PRESIDENT
japanese advances
JAPANESE ADVANCES
  • CREATED AN EMPIRE BY TAKING OVER SEVERAL COUNTRIES IN THE ASIAN MAINLAND AND PACIFIC OCEAN
  • AMERICAN FORCED TO SURRENDER IN A BATTLE FOR THE PHILIPPINES
  • MACARTHUR PLEGED “I SHALL RETURN”
doolittles raid
DOOLITTLES RAID
  • 16 BOMBERS LED BY COLONEL JAMES DOOLITTLE BOMBED TOKYO
  • LIFTED AMERICAN SPIRITS AFTER THE ATTACK ON PEARL AND WEAKENED THE SPIRITS OF THE JAPANESE
battle of the coral sea
BATTLE OF THE CORAL SEA
  • FIGHTING DONE BY AIRPLANES FROM CARRIERS
  • JAPANESE ATTEMPT TO TAKE AUSTRALIA
  • NOT A SINGLE SHOT BY SURFACE SHIPS
  • NOT A U.S. VICTORY BUT WE FORCED THEM TO RETREAT
battle of midway
BATTLE OF MIDWAY
  • STATEGIC ISLAND NORTHWEST OF HAWAII
  • ALLIES BROKE THE JAPENSE CODE AND KNEW THE JAPNESESE WERE COMING
  • CHESTER NIMITZ- COMMANDER OF AMERICAN NAVAL FORCES IN THE PACIFIC
slide83
AMERICANS LAUNCHED A SURPRISE ATTACK
  • DESTROYED FOUR AIRCRAFT CARRIERS, CRUISER, AND 250 PLANES
  • AMERICA “AVENGED PEARL HARBOR”
the japanese defense
THE JAPANESE DEFENSE
  • KAMIKAZE- SUICIDE PLANE ATTACK IN WHICH JAPANESE PILOTS CRASHED THEIR BOMB-LADEN PLANES INTO ALLIED SHIPS
  • BATTLE OF LEYTE GULF- US DESTOYED 3 BATTLESHIPS, 4 CARRIERS, 13 CRUISERS, AND 500 PLANES
iwo jima
IWO JIMA
  • CRITICAL TO THE U.S. AS A BASE TO LAUNCH HEAVY BOMBERS
  • MOST HEAVILY DEFENDED SPOT ON EARTH
  • 21,000 JAPANESE TROOPS ENTRENCHED IN TUNNELS AND CAVES
battle of okinawa
BATTLE OF OKINAWA
  • APRIL 1945
  • JAPANESE LAUNCHED 1900 KAMIKAZE ATTACKS
  • SIMILAR TO IWA JIMA
  • 7,600* U.S. DEATHS
  • 110,000* JAPANESE KILLED
manhattan project
MANHATTAN PROJECT
  • AUGUST 6, 1945
  • Hiroshima
  • B-29 NAMED THE ENOLA GAY RELEASED AN ATOMIC BOMB CODE NAMED “LITTLE BOY”
  • 43 SECONDS EVERYTHING IN THE CITY TURNED TO DUST
slide91
THREE DAYS LATER A SECOND BOMB(“FAT MAN”) WAS DROPPED ON NAGASAKI
  • 200,000 PEOPLE DIED AS A RESULT OF THE BLAST AND RADIATION THAT LINGERED FOR YEARS
slide93
ONLY 200 JAPANESE SURVIED
  • 6,000 U.S. MARINES KILLED