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Warm Up. Why do people take risks like climbing a mountain, inventing a new product, starting a new business, doing something that has never been done before?. State of the World c. 1450. Or… We’re so ready to get the heck out of Europe. The State of Mesopotamia Islamic Golden Age.

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warm up
Warm Up
  • Why do people take risks like climbing a mountain, inventing a new product, starting a new business, doing something that has never been done before?
state of the world c 1450

State of the World c. 1450

Or… We’re so ready to get the heck out of Europe.

the state of mesopotamia islamic golden age
The State of MesopotamiaIslamic Golden Age
  • Ruled by a Muslim group known as the Abbasid Dynasty from 750-1258 CE.
  • Preserved Roman/Greek knowledge during the Middle Ages.
  • Helped keep the

Mongols out of Europe.

the state of mesopotamia ottoman empire
The State of MesopotamiaOttoman Empire
  • Existed from 1299-1922.
  • extended over Middle East, North Africa, and Eastern Europe.
  • Influenced interactions between Eastern and Western worlds for many centuries.
  • Closed overland routes to China.
  • Important player in WW1.
the state of south asia pre mughal empire
The State of South AsiaPre - Mughal Empire
  • Small kingdoms.
  • No central power.
  • This region not a major player in

world events until the Mughals arrive.

the state of east asia china
The State of East AsiaChina
  • The Ming Dynasty begins (1368-1644 CE).
  • Became xenophobic, resisted European trade and religion.
  • At this time only minor trade occurred

between Europe and China.

  • Rivalry and fighting with Japan.
the state of east asia japan
The State of East AsiaJapan
  • Japan is still a Feudal state (Shoguns, Samurai).
  • Japan cut off all relations with China during Yuan Dynasty.
  • Buddhism arrives in Japan c. 1290 CE.
  • No contact with Europeans until later.
the state of europe
The State of Europe
  • Recovering from the Dark Ages, the Plague, severe famine, Crusades, and the Mongols.
    • During Crusades Europeans encounter exotic goods from the East. (silk, spices, jade, opium)
  • Renaissance beginning to spread out of Italy.
  • Ottoman Empire severely limits trade with the “East” in 1453.
  • New trade routes to

China are needed.

why are spices so great
Why are spices so great?

Would you rather eat porridge or tikkamasla?

state of the americas
State of the Americas
  • Aztecs rule much of Central America and are at the height of their culture.
  • Incas controlled the Andes Mountains and much of western South America and connected cities with roads.
  • North America was dominated by many different native groups. These groups built cities, had written languages, and the Iroquois had a democratic system of government.
slide11

North America

   Arctic

   Northwest

Aridoamerica

   Mesoamerica

Isthmo-Colombian area

   Caribbean

South America

   Amazon

   Andes

state of africa
State of Africa
  • West Africa dominated by Mali Empire.
  • Much of the rest of Africa dominated by small tribal groups.
  • Europeans have not journeyed far beyond North Africa.
  • African kingdoms traded mostly in gold, slaves, and salt.
so what
So What?
  • The time surrounding 1450 CE is the end of isolation and the beginning of the Modern Era.
  • We have entered the “Age of Exploration.”
  • The guiding question for our unit will be:
    • “Why did Europeans explore?”
  • We will answer this question together so that in the future you will learn how to answer such questions independently.