Warm Up • Describe the Encomienda System. Be sure to include the choices settlers gave the natives and what the natives were offered as compensation.
CHAPTER 2 SECTION 5: Beginnings of Slavery in the Americas Slavery in America (6 minutes)
European diseases wiped out much of the Native American population, causing colonists to look for a new labor force.
Europeans were ______________,or had a natural resistance, to diseases common in Europe like measles, smallpox, and typhus.
_____________________had no resistance to these diseases, and millions died in the years after the Europeans arrived.
_______________________, or large, single-crop farms, were the main source of income for people living in the colonies.
With a shortage of Native American workers, Spanish and Portuguese plantation owners had to find other sources of _________________.
Slaves from __________________ were brought to America and the African slave trade flourished.
Europeans enslaved millions of Africans and sent them to work in their colonies.
In 1510 Spanish government _____________________________in the colonies. • Most slaves came from the interior of ________.
One out of every six slaves died along the __________________, the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean to reach the Americas, because of horrible living conditions.
Slave trade led to the ___________________________, as enslaved Africans were sent all across the world.
Colonial leaders worked to regulate slave treatment and behavior, but treatment of enslaved Africans ________.
Slaves were given very few __________________. • Africans were considered __________, not people. • _______________ were often tortured or killed. • Treatment of slaves varied. Some slaves reported that their masters treated them _________, however ______________ was very common.
Family • Vital part of slave culture • Provided a _____________, a place not fully under the slaveholders’ control • Faced many challenges, including ___________________
Family • There were • more ______ • slaves than _________ slaves, which made it difficult to form stable families.
Religion • Christianity blended with traditional ________ elements • Gave sense of _____________________ • Spirituals were a common form of religious expression. • Used songs and ________________ to tell their stories of hope, sorrow, agony, and joy.
Art and Dance • Form of expression • Dances were important _______________in slave communities. • Heavily influenced by ______________.
Closure • In your notebook, create and complete the following chart with as many causes and effects of the African Slave Trade as you can think of: Causes of the slave trade Effects of the slave trade
Closure • Causes and effects of the African Slave Trade: Causes of the slave trade Effects of the slave trade • African Diaspora • Middle Passage deaths • Horrible treatment of enslaved Africans • Africans blended Christianity and traditional African elements • African American culture developed • The climate of the southern colonies was suited for certain crops, (like cotton, tobacco and sugarcane) which required large amounts of labor. • Other sources of labor such as indentured servants, were not able to fill the needs. • Native Americans were dying of European diseases.