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Population of Colonial America Year Population 1610 350 1620 2,300 1630 4,600 1640 26,600 1650 50,400 1660 75,100 1670 111,900 1680 151,500 1690 210,400 1700 250,900. Warm-Up: .
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Population of Colonial America Year Population 1610 350 1620 2,300 1630 4,600 1640 26,600 1650 50,400 1660 75,100 1670 111,900 1680 151,500 1690 210,400 1700 250,900 Warm-Up: Using the chart to the left, create a test question. Multiple choice with abcd choices. Circle the correct answer. Be prepared to share your question and answers
Reasons For Coming 1620- The Pilgrims at Plymouth Religion: Puritans and Pilgrims & The Great Migration Political Freedom Economic Opportunity Social Mobility –A Better Way of Life England overcrowded and settlers wanted Land How did Religion influence the settlement and government of the New England Colonies?(self-governed) Notes in Green!
Physical Geography of New England Colonies Atlantic Ocean –Great Harbors = Higher Population Densities Poor, Rocky Soil and Cold, Long Winters Forests
Economy • Raw Materials such as lumber • Fishing -Whaling • Shipbuilding • Business (manufacturing, banking, etc.) • Subsistence Farming
Religion • Puritans • Each congregation chose its own minister and regulated its own affairs—Congregational church • • Ministers worked closely with government – Ministers had no formal political power, but exerted great influence on church members • • Only church members could hold government office – Government protected the ministers, taxed members and non-members alike to support the church, and enforced the law requiring attendance at services
Society • Small Coastal Towns (Boston only large city) • Better Educated • Town Meetings • Salutary Neglect • Strict Puritan Religion • Virtuous, Hard-Working
Government • Massachusetts Bay Company that brought the Pilgrims soon transformed itself into a colonial government – According to the company charter, the "freemen" (the 8 stockholders) were to act as the government –Majority Rule – definition of "freemen" was soon changed to include all male citizens, not just the stockholders • By 1644, a bicameral legislature was established: – a lower House of Deputies – an upper chamber consisting of the governor and his council.
Massachusetts • Founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims. • Plymouth was the original name of the settlement. • Puritans then came and settled Boston (Mass. Bay Colony) • Massachusetts means at or near the great hill in Algonkian, Native American language. • John Winthrop was the governor of this settlement. Plymouth Plantation, with Cape Cod Bay visible in the distance
Massachusetts The first Thanksgiving.
“A City Upon A Hill” “So shall we keep the unity of the spirit, in the bond of peace...Ten of us will be able to resist a thousand of our enemies...For we must consider that we shall be as a City upon a Hill, the eyes of all people are on us.” -John Winthrop Model of Christian Charity
Connecticut • Founded in 1636 by clergyman Thomas Hooker. • He led a group of people from Rhode Island to start their own colony and they had freedom of religion. • Wrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut A map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies.
Thomas Hooker • Reverend of a group of Boston Puritans • Sermon greatly influenced the FOC • Elections by the people • Limited govt • Consent of the governed
New Hampshire • Sold to the king of England in 1679. • Royal colony: king chooses governor and no elected government
Rhode Island • In 1636, Rhode Island became a colony after Roger Williams, a clergyman, obtained a charter from England to form the colony. • He spoke out against the Puritans strictness and went to this area to settle and provide religious choice. • Rhode Island also had freedom of religion Roger Williams “minister, author”