Part 1:Facts for perspective US CIVIL WAR WORLD WAR 1 • During the US Civil War, we lost 2% of our population • The majority of the deaths were from disease • 600,000 dead • Allies • France – 5% • 1.5 million • Britain – 2% • 1 million • Italy – 4% • 1.3 million • Russia - >2% • 4 million • Central Powers • Austria-Hungary – 3% • 1.6 million • Germany >4% • 2.5 million • Ottoman Empire – 14% • 3 million • The majority of deaths were from battle • 16 million dead
Question: • How does this (WWI) compare to the Civil War? • Answer this question using complete sentences on your America in WWI notes page.
So…Why is this happening? What’s the cause? • There are two rival “gangs” in Europe • France, Britain, Russia • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire • France and Britain have colonies from imperialism that Germany wants • Why would one want colonies? • Turns into trench warfare • Fight over 100 yards of territory for years • Stalemate • “No Man’s Land” • War of attrition
Question: • America will join WWI on the side of the allies on April 6, 1917 after Germans continued torpedoing our boats, and after they asked Mexico to declare war on us. As an 18 year old American man, would you join the war? Why or why not? Explain using complete sentences.
Part 2:Gallery Walk Directions: Investigate the information around the room to complete the following organizer. **Watch me as I model an example**
Part 3: Rubric review and Synthesis Investigate the rubric Mr. C provided. Determine the requirements your response must include in order to answer the following question: To what extent did technology increase the human cost of WWI? Are there any similarities today?
Quotes for writing “The enemy started to advance in mass down the railway cutting, about 800 yards off, and Maurice Dease fired his two machine-guns into them and absolutely mowed them down. I should judge without exaggeration that he killed at least 500 in two minutes. The whole cutting was full of bodies and this cheered us all up. “ • Lieutenant K. Tower, Royal Fusiliers, 1914 “Two armies that fight each other is like one large army that commits suicide.” • French soldier Henri Barbusse, in his novel "Le Feu", 1915