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Critical Listening. Does what the other person says make sense?. Conversational Apologetics. O pen Questions To understand and know them P ointed Questions To remove the “roof” of their irrational assumptions E xplain the Gospel Only when asked N urture The Relationship

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critical listening

Critical Listening

Does what the other person says make sense?

conversational apologetics
Conversational Apologetics
  • Open Questions
    • To understand and know them
  • Pointed Questions
    • To remove the “roof” of their irrational assumptions
  • Explain the Gospel
    • Only when asked
  • Nurture The Relationship
    • Help unbelievers grow towards Christ
    • Help believers to grow IN Christ
fallacies of distraction
Fallacies of Distraction
  • False Dilemma: A limited number of options is given, when more exist.
    • Example: George Bush either lied to the American people, or he was just plain stupid.
    • Pointed Question: Are smart people always right?
fallacies of distraction1
Fallacies of Distraction
  • Argument from ignorance: Lack of evidence to the contrary is given as proof.
    • Example: Since you cannot prove that Intelligent Design is true, it must be false.
    • Pointed Question: Did the earth really go around the Sun, even before scientists discovered that it did?
fallacies of distraction2
Fallacies of Distraction
  • Slippery Slope: A series of unacceptable events is predicted to occur.
    • Example: If the School Board allows the teaching of Intelligent Design, it won’t be long before Darwin is banished from the class room, and science classes will be taught by fundamentalist Pastors.
    • Pointed Question: How would the School Board allowing Intelligent Design to be taught result in Darwin being banished, let alone Pastors teaching science classes?
motives in place of support
Motives in Place of Support
  • Prejudicial Language: value or moral goodness is attached to believing the author
    • Example: I can’t understand how any reasonable person can believe God would condemn people to everlasting torment, just because they don’t believe in Him.
    • Pointed Question: Do you think justice is “reasonable?”
fallacies of distraction3
Fallacies of Distraction
  • Complex Question: Two unrelated points are joined as if they are one.
    • Example: Do you support the teaching of evolution and the separation of church and state?
    • Pointed Question: What does the separation of church and state have to do with teaching evolution?
fallacies of explanation
Fallacies of Explanation
  • Limited Depth: The theory does not rely on underlying causes.
    • Example: You are just saying that the Bible is God’s Word because you’re a Christian!
    • Pointed Question: Yes, Christians do think the Bible is God’s Word. Why do you think we do?
fallacies of explanation1
Fallacies of Explanation
  • Untestability: The argument cannot be tested.
    • Example: In John 20:28, Thomas calls Jesus “my God” not because Jesus really is God, but because Jesus had become the full embodiment of God on earth.
    • Pointed Question: How could we know if Jesus really was God, as opposed to just being called “God” because He embodied God on earth?
fallacies of missing the point
Fallacies of Missing the Point
  • Begging the Question: A circular argument in which the conclusion is assumed in the premise.
    • Example: In John 17:3, Jesus calls the Father, “the only true God;” therefore Jesus cannot be the true God, and the Trinity is proven false.
    • Pointed Question: If the Trinity is true, why can’t Jesus call the Father “the only true God?”
fallacies of missing the point1
Fallacies of Missing the Point
  • Irrelevant Conclusion: An argument in defense of one conclusion instead proves a different conclusion
    • Example: You should support a woman’s right to choose an abortion; there are too many unwanted babies in this world as it is.
    • Pointed Question: There may be too many unwanted babies, but you wouldn’t advocate we kill them after they’re born, would you?
fallacies of missing the point2
Fallacies of Missing the Point
  • Strawman: The argument against your position is different than (and weaker than) your best argument.
    • Example: The reason you don’t accept Joseph Smith as a prophet of God is because you don’t believe in latter-day revelation; but that is just begging the question on your part.
    • Pointed Question: What is the Biblical criterion for a true prophet of God (Deut. 18:22)?