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Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity. Outcome: Byzantium: The New Rome. Byzantium: The New Rome. Setting the Stage Due to Germanic Invasions , the Western Roman Empire had collapsed

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ancient rome the origin of christianity

Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity

Outcome: Byzantium: The New Rome

byzantium the new rome
Byzantium: The New Rome
  • Setting the Stage
    • Due to Germanic Invasions, the Western Roman Empire had collapsed
    • For nearly 1,000 years after the collapse of the Western Empire, Byzantiumin the east would continue to thrive and build upon its Roman foundations
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Byzantium: The New Rome
  • Why was Byzantium called The New Rome?
    • Simple: it was Roman
    • Byzantium had Roman emperors, architecture, culture, and Christianity
    • Byzantine emperors ruled with absolute power- head of church as well
    • There were differences such as they spoke Greek instead of Latin
byzantium the new rome2
Byzantium: The New Rome
  • Why was Byzantium wealthier?
    • Byzantium was located in the middle of several trade routes that allowed it to prosper
    • Weren’t prone to the Germanic attacks like the Western Empire
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Byzantium: The New Rome
  • Emperor Justinian
    • Takes control of the Byzantium in 527 AD
    • Set up the Justinian Code: uniform set of laws created from outdated Romanlaws
      • Contained 5,000 Roman laws still considered useful
      • Broken up into 4 works(The Code, The Digest, The institutes, the Novellae)
    • Built many churches including the Hagia Sophia, hailed as the most splendid church in Christian world
    • Plagues and attacks cause the Byzantine Empire to fall after death of Justinian
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Byzantium: The New Rome
  • A Christian Empire
    • Christianity had spread since the height of the Roman Empire
    • Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan that made Christianity legal
    • The Church Divides in 1054
      • Roman Catholicism in the West
        • Services conducted in Latin
        • The Pope has authority of all other bishops
        • Priests cannot marry
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Byzantium: The New Rome
  • Eastern Orthodox Church in the East
    • Services conducted in Greek or local languages
    • The Patriarch and other bishop head the Church as a group
    • Priests may be married
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Byzantium: The New Rome
  • Result: The Roman Empire dwindled into oblivion allowing the Middle Agesto begin. However, in the east Byzantium held on for a few more centuries, which resulted in a split in Christianity and eventually would set up a bigger conflict: Christianity vs. Islam.