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MEXICO

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  1. MEXICO Katherine Lamb Bernice Lin Hannah Heyerdahl

  2. PIRATES for Mexican independence from Spain

  3. PIRATES for Mexican independence from spain

  4. PIRATES for Mexican Revolution

  5. PIRATES for Mexican Revolution

  6. CHRONOLOGY OF CHANGES 1807-1821 Mexican independence from Spain 1807, Napoleon I invaded Spain and installed his brother on the Spanish throne. 1808- Napoleon deposed Spanish king and replaced him with his brother, Joseph, creating a revolution and the Peninsular War and, ultimately, his own downfall. 1810 - On September 15th, in the town of Dolores, father Miguel Hidalgo issues a cry for Mexico's independence from Spain. 1861-1867 2nd Mexican empire 1862 - On May 5th, the Mexican army defeats invading French troops at the Battle of Puebla. 1863 -French army captured Mexico City and Archduke Maximilian of Austria-Hungary declared the second Emperor of Mexico. 1864 - On June 12 Maximilian and Charlotte enter Mexico City installing the second empire with an Austrian archduke as "emperor" of Mexico.

  7. Chronology continued 1867 Restoration of republic 1867 - After Napoleon III withdraws French troops, Maximilian is captured and executed by a firing squad. The Mexican republic is restored with Benito Juarez as president. 1867- The Restoration, as the period from 1867 to 1876 is called, was marked by peace and tolerance toward the conservatives. Juárez returned to Mexico City on July 15, 1867, called for presidential elections, and presented himself as a candidate. By the end of the year, he was victorious. 1910 Mexican revolution 1910- Díaz began preparing a joint celebration--the one-hundredth anniversary of Mexican independence and Mexico City went through a full refurbishing. 1910- In October 1910, Madero drafted the Plan of San Luis Potosí, which called for the people to rise on November 20 to demand the restoration of the democratic principles of the constitution of 1857 and the replacement of Díaz with a provisional government. 1910- On November 20th Francisco Madero calls for an armed revolt against Diaz and sparks the Mexican Revolution, throwing the country into political upheaval that lasts until 1917.

  8. Charts of gov’t structures and images of key leaders Agustín de Iturbide (27 September 1783 – 19 July 1824) was a Mexican Army General who built a successful political and military coalition that was able to march into Mexico City on 27 September 1821; decisively ending the Mexican War of Independence. After the liberation of Mexico, he was announced as President of the Regency in 1821 and Constitutional Emperor of the new nation, reigning as Emperor briefly from 19 May 1822 to 19 March 1823. Commonly considered by historians to have been a dictator, he is a controversial figure in Mexican history. The period of his leadership was marked by significant internal stability modernization, and economic growth. However, Diaz's conservative regime grew unpopular due to repression and political continuity, and he fell from power during the Mexican Revolution, after he had imprisoned his electoral rival and declared himself the winner of an eighth term in office. Porfirio Díaz The rule of Emperor Maximiliano was blemished by constant conflict. On his arrival in 1864 with his wife, he found himself in the middle of a political struggle between the Conservatives that backed him and the opposing Liberals, headed by Benito Juárez. The two factions had set up parallel governments; the Conservatives in Mexico City controlling central Mexico and the Liberals in Veracruz. The Conservatives received funding from Europe. The Liberals found backing from United States Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, after they had finished their own Civil War in 1865. Second Mexican Empire

  9. Propaganda • Fear- When Napoleon arrived in Mexico, he used force and fear to win over his power and his plans over the people. He won this power through battle and force gaining his power through battle. Later he won the people’s support through taking the capital. • Hope-When the battles of the Mexican revolution were occurring, it was very violent. All of the violence and uncertainty caused the people to become closer with god.

  10. Comparison of the original and the final government structures and effectiveness

  11. Comparison of the original and the final government structures and effectiveness

  12. Did They Achieve Their Goals? • Goal of Mexican Independence From Spain- The people of Mexico wanted to gain freedom and independence from Spain. Creoles didn’t like how the Spanish controlled the high offices and monopolies. In order to modernize the colony, Spain set up political and economic reforms, which the Creoles also didn’t like. • Iturbide became the head of the first independent government. However, great political turmoil for 30 years came with this independence. • Goal of Mexican Revolution- The people of Mexico wanted to remove President Porfirio Diaz from his office. He had been in power for over 30 years. • The Mexican Revolution ended with the pulling together of a new constitution. President Porfirio Diaz was successfully removed from office. No president has been in power for over the given 6 years since the revolution ended.

  13. Analysis of the causes that led to each revolution in the process to reach the final resolution Mexican independence from Spain The Spanish came to Mexico for one reason: gold. They colonized a little but their main priorities were to find gold and to trade with other locations. After a long period of time, the Mexican's rights had been pushed down and revolted against the Spanish for their freedom. It was initially started by Martin Cortes, who was known as one of the first Matzos. He was the first to revolt against the Spanish colonial government for the injustice against the Spanish born in Mexico 2nd Mexican empire Promoted and installed by the French, with some support from the Austrian and Spanish Crowns, the intervention attempted to re-create a European-style monarchical system in Mexico. When the French arrived in Mexico, they focused more on Europeanizing Mexico because they focused on colonizing Mexico than trade and profit. Restoration of republic Between 1846-1867, Mexico experienced nearly two decades of nonstop warfare Despite the destruction, losses, and debt these conflicts produced, Mexico emerged as a more unified nation and these conflicts also stimulated Mexicans’ desire for a stable government. The restoration of the Mexican Republic in 1867 produced a more stable government and a more unified nation. Mexican revolution The Revolution was characterized by several movements that eventually combined together to form a civil war against the French. These movements developed through the unfairness and bad treatment against the natives of Mexico and the unfair rights that had been established and bad conditions. To reach the resolution, they created a army, established a leader, and went to war with the French until their freedom was in their sights and overcame the French.

  14. Credits Slides 2-5 Katherine Lamb (part 2) Slides 6-9 Hannah Heyerdahl (part 3) Slides 9-12 Bernice Lin (Part 4) Slide 13 Hannah Heyerdahl (part 1)