Warm-up Define the following sentence types and write an example sentence for each: • Simple • Compound • Complex • Compound-complex
No Witchcraft for Sale By Doris Lessing
Authors As a group you will research your assigned colonialist/post-colonialist author. The author assignments are below: • Doris Lessing (page 909) • Nadine Grodimer (page 923) • Chinua Achebe (page 929) • Ben Okri (page 875) • V.S. Naipaul (page 1015) • Wole Soyinka (937) STEPS: Read the background information on each and, on the poster, write down the following: -key facts about his/her life. -What kinds of issues did they address in their writing? -What is the context in which they wrote? -How is their writing related to colonialism? What is an overarching theme throughout their work? -What is the background in the selection included in the textbook? What does the work deal with?
Doris Lessing (1919-2013) • Born in Persia to British parents • Both parents British • Lived most of her life on a British colony • Farm that employed 30-50 black African laborers who earned $1.50 a month • Wrote about the racial problems resulting from colonialism.
Story Background • Rhodeisa (now Zimbabwae) • British named it this after a British man names Cecil Rhodes (businessman) • British arrived in late 1800s • Seized country’s most fertile farmland. • Africans displaced from ancestral homelands to communal lands where soil war poor and raising crops difficult. • Displaced African farmers forced into cheap labor. • Worked in cities and mines while minority enjoyed a high living standard and blacks barely scraped by. • Story written in 1964. • S. Rhodesia fought for independence; Britain refused. • Gained independence in 1965. • Civil war tore apart country. • After years of fighting between black nationalists and government troops, country emerged as republic of Zimbabwae in 1980.
Respond to the following questions with a partner. Record your answers on a sheet of paper: 1. What does Gideon think and feel? • Discuss this question first amongst yourselves and record your response. • Find evidence in the text to support your answer. 2. Identify four conflicts that take place. • Write a quote for each. • Explain the root of this conflict—why is it occurring? How does it relate to/what does it teach us about colonialism? 3. Identify one theme for this story. • Explain how/where you see this theme.
Achebe & Marriage is Private Affair Chinua Achebe (1930-2013) • Nigerian author; part of the Ibo tribe • Uses English as a “weapon” • Wanted to depict the destructive effects of colonialism as well as tell the true story of Africa and its people. • Doesn’t romanticize Story Background • Lagos – Biggest city in Nigeria (new) • Small rural village – (old) • Clash between old (African) and new (Western) ways • Post-colonial • Christianity accepted by Ibo • Colonized by British • Struggle between African values and Western ones
Discussion • How do westerners view marriage today? • Can you think of other times, places, and cultures that held differing view of marriage? How were they different?
Extended Ending • Write an extended ending to this story. What are the effects that occur in the Ibo tribe as a result of Okeke accepting his grandchildren into the tribe?