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The “Military Revolution” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The “Military Revolution”

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  1. The “Military Revolution”

  2. The “Military Revolution” • Infantry replaces cavalry as the dominant force on the battlefield. • Firearms become the dominant weapon. • Armies become larger and more complex. • “Combined arms” operations. • Fortifications change dramatically. • War becomes a monopoly of the state.

  3. The Spanish Square (Tercio), c. 1490 - 1643

  4. Increase in the Size of Armies • 1415, Battle of Agincourt • 9,000 English vs. 30,000 French • 1643, Battle of Rocroi • 23,000 French vs. 27,000 Imperial troops • 1806, Battle of Jena–Auerstedt • 67,000 French vs. 120,500 Prussians

  5. Organization • Army • Corps • Division • Brigade • Regiment

  6. Thirty Year’s War 1618-1648 Austria, German Catholic States, Spain vs. Protestant German States, Denmark, Sweden, France • English Civil War 1642-1648 Charles I vs. Parliament

  7. Grenadier Guards, 1656 Coldstream Guards, 1650 Scots Guards, 1661 Horse Guards, 1650 The Regiment 10 Light Company Grenadier Company

  8. Napoleonic Corps Organization

  9. Change in Fortifications

  10. Mons Megs 1449

  11. Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Marquis de Vauban, 1633 – 1707

  12. Original trading post building. 1726 US additions during the War of 1812