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Warm-up • Please let your teacher know TODAY if you need a bagged lunch from the cafeteria for the field trip. • Have out your Citizenship Vocab and sentence activity to be graded for a homework assignment. • Complete the fill-in activity on the 14th amendment. You can glue this on the blank page on the back of your vocabulary.
Notebook Organization • Place everything about the Constitution Unit in the rings behind the “Constitution” tab. • Place the Citizenship Vocab and today’s lesson in the rings behind your 4th tab “Citizenship” • You should have no loose papers in your notebook- ever!
Warm-up Answer: 14th Amendment All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of the citizens of the United States, nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Daily Objectives • Explain the 2 ways to declare US citizenship. • Describe the rights given citizens under the 1st, 5th and 14th amendments.
Vocabulary Check • civics • Citizens • Naturalization • Immigrant If you did not do the sentence • Citizenship activity for homework, you still • Responsibility have to complete it for credit • Duty in your notes! • Draft • Tolerance • Volunteerism • Rights • Government • Petition • Patriotism • 14th amendment • Due process
Immigrants entering the United States at Ellis Island, New York, in the late 1800s Section 3-3 Click the Speaker button to replay the audio.
#1 Immigration and naturalization especially in the 20th century have led to a more diverse US society. #2 Who are some of the types of people living in the US? • Native born citizens • Naturalized citizens • Immigrants • Illegal aliens click here for a video on immigration http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WaRoJ85-gUU
Study the chart below. What does it tell you about immigrants coming to the U.S.?
#3 By 1868, the United States government felt that it had to outline who was a citizen of our nation. It passed the 14th amendment that defined who could be a citizen. It states, “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the Jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United Stated, and of the state whereinthey reside” Highlight this in your notes.
What is a citizen? Read textbook page 14, the first paragraph aloud #4. A citizen is an individual with certain rightsand dutiesunder a governmentand who, by birth or choice owesallegiance to that government.
#5. There are 2 ways to declare US citizenship Read textbook pages 14-16 “Citizenship by Birth” and “The Naturalization Process”. Complete the chart on your worksheet.
How does an individual become a citizen of the United States by birth? 1. Born on U.S. soil (any of the 50 states or Washington DC) 2. Born in a U. S.territory(like Guam or Puerto Rico) 3. Born on a U.S. military baseanywhere in the world 4. If one or bothparentsare citizens and you are born anywhere else in the world. *** Exception: Any child born here to foreign diplomats (people living here on official business for their home country) are NOT given citizenship.
How does an individual become a citizen of the United States by naturalization? 1. This is a process that takes about 5 years to complete. 2. A person must know about of American history and principles. 3. A person must demonstrate the ability to read, speak andwrite in English.
Can a person be a citizen of more than one country at a time? Yes, this is called dual citizenship.
Can one’s citizenship be taken away? • Yes, if it was illegallyobtained. 2. Yes, if you voluntarily give it up.
Who are the foreigners (non-citizens) living in the United States • Read textbook pages 16-17 “Aliens in America” Legal Aliens or immigrants • They have entered the country legally_ • They have permission to be here permanently or temporarily • They have a green card or a work or education visa • If they are here temporarily, they must return when their paperwork expires.
Legal Aliens or Immigrants Pay taxes • Have jobs • Get a driver’s license • Have families • Go to school • CANNOT: • Run for political office • Vote • Work for the government
Illegal aliens are here without the government’s permission or knowledge. They will be deported, if caught.
# 9 The Constitution of the United States establishes and protects its citizens’ fundamental rights and liberties. There are 3 key amendments that do this:
1st Amendment 5th Amendment 14th Amendment DUE PROCESS R eligion A ssembly P ress P etition S peech • Defines citizenship • promises equal protection • Extends due process to the states
Fourteenth Amendment What is due process? • The idea that laws and legal proceedings must be fair. The Constitution guarantees that the government cannot take away a person's basic rights to 'life, liberty or property, without due process of law.’ • Why did it need to be stated specifically for the states? What year was the 14th Amendment added to the Constitution?
Objective Check In what ways can a person become a citizen of the United States? A person can become a citizen of the United States by being born in the United States, by being born to U.S. citizens, or through naturalization.
Class Activity Decorate an index card expressing your family’s cultural background • Use color • Represent your family’s country • Use pictures representing your heritage • Add anything you want to express yourself