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  1. Warm-up Refer to your reading from chapters 21-24 to answer the following: • Who had been the creature’s most recent victim? • What happened at Frankenstein’s trial? • What happened on Frankenstein and Elizabeth’s wedding night? • What happened to Frankenstein’s father as a result of this latest tragedy? • What was the magistrate’s response when Frankenstein told him the entire story of the creature? • What did Frankenstein do after he left the magistrate? • What request does Frankenstein make of Robert Walton? • What happened to Frankenstein at the end of the novel? What happened to the creature at the end of the novel?

  2. Frankenstein: Thematic Elements

  3. Women’s Roles • Frankenstein’s world: • men are leaders • women are things to be rescued and looked after • all women have been adopted • No intellectual interest, domestic only • EQ - Why does Shelley, a feminist, construct the Frankenstein universe as one in which women are submissive, domestic, and in need of rescuing?

  4. Parent-child Relationships • Frankenstein parent-child relationships • over-indulgence, strong sense of empowerment, lack of accountability/boundaries • Ex: Don’t monitor Victor’s studies. • Nature or Nurture? • Nature - other siblings don’t seem to suffer from the same narcissistic ambitions • Nurture - dad makes everything yield to his wife’s convenience and they do the same with Victor and Elizabeth • Other Parent-Child Relationships • Henry’s dad would not let him go to University. • “His father was a narrow-minded trader, and saw idleness and ruin in the aspirations of his son” (50). EQ – To what degree can Victor’s neglect of his monster be attributed to nature and to what degree nurture?

  5. Gothic Characteristics • Help to convey the darkness that Victor is bringing into the world • Irony – Even though Victor means to restore life (and thus bring “light” into the world), he does the opposite. • Whole process of creating life is dark as he descents into madness. • Gothic elements help convey that warning of the dark path Victor decides to go on. • Elements don’t appear until he reaches the city. EQ – Where do you see gothic elements present, and how do they contribute to the story’s meaning?

  6. Romantic Elements • Nature gets us in touch with who we were created to be. • The further we are from nature, the more unnatural we will become. • Critique of industrialization. • Monster is lower class, the “machine.” • When ignored and neglected long enough, will realize their oppression and revolt. • Stronger in size/numbers than the upper class. • Victor is upper class, the wealthy minority who doesn’t care for the lower class. • Uses lower class for own gain. • Mistreats lower class and angers them. • Invites the wrath of the lower class. EQ: Where, specifically, do you see romantic elements in the story?

  7. Tragic Flaw • Tragic Hero: • serious drama featuring a main character, often of noble birth, who strives to achieve something and is ultimately defeated • Defeat may be caused by forces beyond his/her control • Main character’s downfall is due to an inborn character flaw or weakness (tragic flaw) • Tragic hero gains new self-knowledge or wisdom. • EQ: To what degree is Victor a tragic hero?

  8. Study Questions Chapters 11-15 • How did the creature feel when he first felt life? • What was the reaction of the villagers the creature encountered? • Where did the creature take shelter? • What observations did the creature make about the people in the cottage? • What does the creature learn to do, and how does he learn this? • What was the elder De Lacey’s reaction when the creature entered the cottage and began • speaking with him? • What was the reaction of the De Lacey family when they saw the creature? • After reading Paradise Lost, why does the creature think he is like Adam in that book? Why does he think he is like Satan? What are the specific reasons that the creature gives for hating his creator?