The Slave Trade • The demand for slaves increased dramatically with the discovery of the Americas in the 1490s.
The Slave Trade • During the 16th century, plantationsthat grew sugar cane were set up in Brazil and on islands in the Caribbean • African slaves were then shipped there to work on the plantations
Growth of the Slave Trade • In 1518, a Spanish ship carried the first boatload of slaves directly from Africa to the Americas • During the next two centuries, as many as ten million African slaves were brought to the Americas
The Middle Passage • The journey from Africa to the Americas became known as the Middle Passage • Many slaves died on the journey • Those who arrived often died because they had little immunity to diseases
Sources of Slaveshttp://www.history.com/shows/mankind-the-story-of-all-of-us/videos/african-slave-trade • Before European involvement, most slaves in Africa were prisoners of war • As the demand for slaves increased, more civilians fell victim to kidnappings and raids • local rulers became concerned about the impact of the slave trade on their societies
Effects of the Slave Trade • The slave trade led to the depopulation of some areas • It also took the youngest and strongest men and women from many communities
Effects of the Slave Trade • The need for constant supply of slaves led to increased warfare in Africa