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The Fur Trade PowerPoint Presentation
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The Fur Trade

The Fur Trade

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The Fur Trade

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The Fur Trade Presented by Ms. Fazenda

  2. Table of Contents 1. Title Page 2. Table of Contents (x2) 3. When Did the Fur Trade Occur 4. What Was the Fur Trade 5. Who Was Involved

  3. Table of Contents 6. Where Did the Fur Trade Originate (Including Map) 7. Why Did the Fur Trade Come To Exist 8. The Beaver 9. Important Vocabulary (x2)

  4. When Did the Fur Trade Occur? • Stared in the late 1600’s • Due to European demand for beaver hats • Ended in the mid 1800’s • Due to the end of fashion craze

  5. What Was the Fur Trade? • System of Bartering • Native hunters would trade with European Companies: • Natives – Beaver skins • Europeans – cloth, hatchets, guns, kettles, beads, needles, etc.

  6. Who Was Involved? • Native fur traders • Beavers • French and British voyagers • Hudson’s Bay Company • North West Company

  7. Where Did the Fur Trade Originate? • Began in Hudson Bay area • Spread across Canada

  8. Why Did the Fur Trade Come to Exist? • From 1550 to 1850 • felt hats were fashionable in Europe • By late 1500’s beavers were extinct in Western Europe • Also close to extinction in Scandinavia and Russia • North America became new source for fashion trade

  9. The Beaver • Young are called kits • Born with full fur, open eyes, and ability to swim • Herbivores • Eat bark, leaves, woody vines, grass, shrubs, pond plants, and lily pads • Store food underwater during winter • Live in family groups • In ponds, rivers, and small lakes with muddy bottoms • monogamous

  10. Important Vocabulary • Canots de Maitre: • Master canoes used by voyagers to carry supplies • Pedlars: • Voyagers who worked as independents

  11. Important Vocabulary • Standard of Trades: • List showing value (in fur) of trade items • Portages: • Canoe carrying areas while switching rivers • Coureurs de Bois: • Metis trapper, woodsman, and fur trader

  12. Thank-you