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The Fur Trade in Canada. “We were Caesers, being no one to contradict us…” Pierre-Esprit Radisso Translation: “We were the kings and our kingdom was the wilderness…”. Hudson’s Bay Company. - The Flag of the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) - Founded in 1670 by King Charles II.

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the fur trade in canada

The Fur Trade in Canada

“We were Caesers, being no one to contradict us…”

Pierre-Esprit Radisso

Translation: “We were the kings and our kingdom was the wilderness…”

hudson s bay company
Hudson’s Bay Company

- The Flag of the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC)

- Founded in 1670 by King Charles II

hbc main points
HBC Main Points:
  • British company founded 1670 by a Royal Charter signed by King Charles II
  • “Stay at the Bay” policy with Native trappers coming to them with furs
  • Very Hierarchical (like the military, rank was very important)
  • Controlled and traded in an area roughly 1/3 the size of modern Canada.
  • All employees made a salary (no sharing in profits or losses)
  • Main fort was York Factory
the fight is on
The Fight is On!!!
  • Challenge to the HBC domination of the fur trade in Canada.
  • Enter the North West Company
the north west company
The North West Company
  • 1783 several companies trading furs merged into the North West Company
  • Although owned by English Canadians, French traders were employed.
  • Workers shared in the profits or losses of the company.
  • Origin of Métis (French & First Nation).
  • Based in Montreal and traded throughout the North West.
north west company
North West Company
  • Much less hierarchical or “top-down” than the HBC.
  • The “Montreal partners” stayed in Montreal and traded the furs to London
  • The “wintering partners” stayed in the North West and did the actual trading and trapping.
  • They were partners, not employees and thus shared in the profits the NWC made.
captain james cook
Captain James Cook
  • Born in England
  • Explored New Zealand,
  • Australia, Hawaii and the west
  • Coast of North America
  • (Vancouver Island)
  • - Was killed in Hawaii
captain george vancouver
Captain George Vancouver
  • Born in England
  • Captain in the British Navy
  • Explored and mapped a lot
  • of the Pacific West Coast
  • (British Columbia, Alaska,
  • Oregon & Washington State)
alexander mackenzie
Alexander Mackenzie
  • Born in Scotland
  • Family moved to
  • America, but then
  • moved to Montreal
  • during the American
  • Revolution
  • - Completed the first transcontinental crossing of North America when he made it to the Pacific Ocean for the North West Company
simon fraser
Simon Fraser
  • Born in America
  • Father died in the
  • American Revolution
  • Raised in Quebec
  • Worked in the North
  • West Company
  • - Explored much of BC
david thompson
David Thompson
  • Born in England
  • He mapped around 2 million
  • square km of western North
  • America
  • - He worked for both the Hudson Bay and the North West Company
  • Was an English Canadian fur
  • trader, map maker and explorer
  • - Married to a Cree wife for 58 years and had 13 kids