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Chapter 1. Motor behavior Motor control Motor development Motor learning. Definition. Motor learning Relatively permanent change In the capability to produce skilled movement Associated with practice

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chapter 1

Chapter 1

Motor behavior

Motor control

Motor development

Motor learning

definition
Definition
  • Motor learning
    • Relatively permanent change
    • In the capability to produce skilled movement
    • Associated with practice
  • Note that we can’t see learning and have to study it indirectly by studying performance/behavior
origins of field
Origins of field
  • Psychology
    • Thorndike’s law of effect
      • Behavior that is followed by positive feedback tends to be repeated, behavior followed by negative feedback tends to be avoided
    • US Army Air Force – Psychomotor testing program – Paul Fitts
    • Franklin Henry
concepts
Concepts
  • Skill
    • Task perspective
    • Level of proficiency perspective
classification schemes
Classification schemes
  • Discrete/serial/continuous
  • Motor/cognitive
  • Fine/gross
  • Open/closed
  • Gentile’s Taxonomy
classification schemes6
Classification schemes

Gentile’s 2D Taxonomy

  • First dimension
    • Action
      • Object manipulation
      • Body transport
classification schemes7
Classification schemes

Gentile’s 2D Taxonomy

  • Second dimension
    • Environment
      • Regulatory variability
        • Environment stationary (closed) or in motion (open)
      • Context variability (inter-trial variability)
        • Action is same from one trial to the next or is different from one trial to the next
stages of learning
Stages of learning
  • Fitts and Posner
    • Cognitive (verbal)
    • Associative (motor)
    • Autonomous
chapter 1 homework
Chapter 1 Homework
  • Choose a motor skill
  • Develop 2 teaching progressions/drills that lead to the motor skill
  • Classify each progressions according to the taxonomy and state how each increases the complexity (what is added in each step)