Chapter 21 – Climate

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# Chapter 21 – Climate - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

## Chapter 21 – Climate

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1. Chapter 21 – Climate Topic 1 Topic 2 Topic 3 Topic 4 Topic 5 \$100 \$100 \$100 \$100 \$100 \$200 \$200 \$200 \$200 \$200 \$300 \$300 \$300 \$300 \$300 \$400 \$400 \$400 \$400 \$400 \$500 \$500 \$500 \$500 \$500 FINAL ROUND

2. Topic 1:\$100 Question • A city on the leeward side of mountains, compared to a city on the windward side, is likely to have a climate that is • a. Warmer and drier • b. Colder and wetter • c. Colder and drier • d. Warmer and wetter ANSWER BACK TO GAME

3. Topic 1:\$100 Answer • A city on the leeward side of mountains, compared to a city on the windward side, is likely to have a climate that is • a. Warmer and drier • b. Colder and wetter • c. Colder and drier • d. Warmer and wetter BACK TO GAME

4. Topic 1:\$200 Question • In general, as latitude increases, the average yearly temperature • a. increases • b. decreases • c. Remains the same • d. Varies irregulary ANSWER BACK TO GAME

5. Topic 1:\$200 Answer • In general, as latitude increases, the average yearly temperature • a. increases • b. decreases • c. Remains the same • d. Varies irregularly BACK TO GAME

6. Topic 1:\$300 Question • London, England, has warmer winters than Cleveland, Ohio, partly because London • a. Is at a higher latitude • b. Is at a lower latitude • c. Receives more sunlight • d. Is more affected by ocean currents ANSWER BACK TO GAME

7. Topic 1:\$300 Answer • London, England, has warmer winters than Cleveland, Ohio, partly because London • a. Is at a higher latitude • b. Is at a lower latitude • c. Receives more sunlight • d. Is more affected by ocean currents BACK TO GAME

8. Topic 1:\$400 Question • The two main characteristics of a region’s climate are • a. Temperature and wind direction • b. Temperature and precipitation • c. Hours of daylight and precipitation • d. Latitude and precipitation ANSWER BACK TO GAME

9. Topic 1:\$400 Answer • The two main characteristics of a region’s climate are • a. Temperature and wind direction • b. Temperature and precipitation • c. Hours of daylight and precipitation • d. Latitude and precipitation BACK TO GAME

10. Topic 1:\$500 Question • Which factors are most important in determining the dryness of a climate? • a. Condensation and precipitation • b. Latitude and elevation • c. Distance to oceans and mountains • d. Evaporation and precipitation ANSWER BACK TO GAME

11. Topic 1:\$500 Answer • Which factors are most important in determining the dryness of a climate? • a. Condensation and precipitation • b. Latitude and elevation • c. Distance to oceans and mountains • d. Evaporation and precipitation BACK TO GAME

12. Topic 2:\$100 Question • Bombay, India, and Mobile, Alabama, have about the same rainfall per year but have different climates because • a. Bombay is in the Northern Hemisphere • b. The distribution of rainfall throughout the year in the two cities is different • c. Bombay gets most of its rain during the winter • d. Mobile is in the tropics ANSWER BACK TO GAME

13. Topic 2:\$100 Answer • Bombay, India, and Mobile, Alabama, have about the same rainfall per year but have different climates because • a. Bombay is in the Northern Hemisphere • b. The distribution of rainfall throughout the year in the two cities is different • c. Bombay gets most of its rain during the winter • d. Mobile is in the tropics BACK TO GAME

14. Topic 2:\$200 Question • Which of the following has not affected Earth’s climate in the distant past? • a. Changes in the number of sunspots • b. Plate tectonics • c. Volcanic activity • d. Earthquake activity ANSWER BACK TO GAME

15. Topic 2:\$200 Answer • Which of the following has not affected Earth’s climate in the distant past? • a. Changes in the number of sunspots • b. Plate tectonics • c. Volcanic activity • d. Earthquake activity BACK TO GAME

16. Topic 2:\$300 Question • Tropical plant fossils found in Greenland provide evidence for which of the following findings? • a. Greenland used to be more mountainous. • b. Temperatures once were higher in the Northern Hemisphere. • c. Greenland has always been in its current position on Earth. • d. Greenland used to be closer to the equator. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

17. Topic 2:\$300 Answer • Tropical plant fossils found in Greenland provide evidence for which of the following findings? • a. Greenland used to be more mountainous. • b. Temperatures once were higher in the Northern Hemisphere. • c. Greenland has always been in its current position on Earth. • a. Greenland used to be closer to the equator. BACK TO GAME

18. Topic 2:\$400 Question • Which subclimate has warm summers and cold, snowy winters? • a. Marine west coast • b. Mediterranean • c. Subarctic • d. Humid continental ANSWER BACK TO GAME

19. Topic 2:\$400 Answer • Which subclimate has warm summers and cold, snowy winters? • a. Marine west coast • b. Mediterranean • c. Subarctic • d. Humid continental BACK TO GAME

20. Topic 2:\$500 Question • Which change is most likely to cause Earth to cool? • a. Shrinking of polar land masses • b. Decrease in cloud cover • c. Increased reflection of sunlight into space • d. Decreased reflection of sunlight into space ANSWER BACK TO GAME

21. Topic 2:\$500 Answer • Which change is most likely to cause Earth to cool? • a. Shrinking of polar land masses • b. Decrease in cloud cover • c. Increased reflection of sunlight into space • d. Decreased reflection of sunlight into space BACK TO GAME

22. Topic 3:\$100 Question • Variance of which aspect of Earth’s motion has been related to climate change? • a. Speed of revolution • b. Speed of rotation • c. Tilt of Earth’s axis • d. Length of Earth’s axis ANSWER BACK TO GAME

23. Topic 3:\$100 Answer • Variance of which aspect of Earth’s motion has been related to climate change? • a. Speed of revolution • b. Speed of rotation • c. Tilt of Earth’s axis • d. Length of Earth’s axis BACK TO GAME

24. Topic 3:\$200 Question • What term describes an accounting of the flow of energy into, through, and out of Earth? • a. Greenhouse effect • b. Degree days • c. Heat budget • d. Global warming ANSWER BACK TO GAME

25. Topic 3:\$200 Answer • What term describes an accounting of the flow of energy into, through, and out of Earth? • a. Greenhouse effect • b. Degree days • c. Heat budget • d. Global warming BACK TO GAME

26. Topic 3:\$300 Question • Volcanoes may have caused the relative warmth of the Cretaceous Period by • a. Adding carbon dioxide to the atmosphere • b. Removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere • c. Adding dust to the atmosphere • d. Causing acid droplets to form in the atmosphere ANSWER BACK TO GAME

27. Topic 3:\$300 Answer • Volcanoes may have caused the relative warmth of the Cretaceous Period by • a. Adding carbon dioxide to the atmosphere • b. Removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere • c. Adding dust to the atmosphere • d. Causing acid droplets to form in the atmosphere BACK TO GAME

28. Topic 3:\$400 Question • Which of the following is not a climate control? • a. latitude • b. altitude • c. longitude • d. Distance from oceans ANSWER BACK TO GAME

29. Topic 3:\$400 Answer • Which of the following is not a climate control? • a. latitude • b. altitude • c. longitude • d. Distance from oceans BACK TO GAME

30. Topic 3:\$500 Question • Which is necessary to determine the annual temperature range for a location? • a. The average temperature of the warmest and coldest months • b. The highest and lowest temperatures of the year • c. The average temperature of the year • d. None of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME

31. Topic 3:\$500 Answer • Which is necessary to determine the annual temperature range for a location? • a. The average temperature of the warmest and coldest months • b. The highest and lowest temperatures of the year • c. The average temperature of the year • d. None of the above BACK TO GAME

32. Topic 4:\$100 Question • A city near the equator can be coolest if it is • a. Near the ocean • b. At a high altitude • c. In the prevailing westerlies • d. In a jungle clearing ANSWER BACK TO GAME

33. Topic 4:\$100 Answer • A city near the equator can be coolest if it is • a. Near the ocean • b. At a high altitude • c. In the prevailing westerlies • d. In a jungle clearing BACK TO GAME

34. Topic 4:\$200 Question • Compared to today, temperatures during the last Ice Age were approximately • a. 1°C cooler • b. 5°C cooler • c. 20°C cooler • d. 50°C cooler ANSWER BACK TO GAME

35. Topic 4:\$200 Answer • Compared to today, temperatures during the last Ice Age were approximately • a. 1°C cooler • b. 5°C cooler • c. 20°C cooler • d. 50°C cooler BACK TO GAME

36. Topic 4:\$300 Question • Which of the following best describes the climate of a tundra zone? • a. Cold and dry with short, cool summers • b. Cold with cool, wet summers • c. dry, with cold winters and warm summers • d. cold, with wet winters and dry summers ANSWER BACK TO GAME

37. Topic 4:\$300 Answer • Which of the following best describes the climate of a tundra zone? • a. Cold and dry with short, cool summers • b. Cold with cool, wet summers • c. dry, with cold winters and warm summers • d. cold, with wet winters and dry summers BACK TO GAME

38. Topic 4:\$400 Question • The Great Plains of the United States are an example of what type of climate? • a. tundra • b. desert • c. semiarid • d. highland ANSWER BACK TO GAME

39. Topic 4:\$400 Answer • The Great Plains of the United States are an example of what type of climate? • a. tundra • b. desert • c. semiarid • d. highland BACK TO GAME

40. Topic 4:\$500 Question • Arctic regions are cold because • a. Snow and ice reflect sunlight • b. Sunlight hits the ground at a low angle • c. There is no sunlight for part of the year • d. All of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME

41. Topic 4:\$500 Answer • Arctic regions are cold because • a. Snow and ice reflect sunlight • b. Sunlight hits the ground at a low angle • c. There is no sunlight for part of the year • d. All of the above BACK TO GAME

42. This chart shows data suggesting an increase in global temperatures since 1880.

43. Name two factors that might have caused this increase and explain how they affected climate. Increased use of petroleum, cutting down forests and rainforests, and burning of the rainforests. Burning of petroleum and trees releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Reducing forests decreases the number of trees to absorb carbon dioxide.

44. Essay: Describe two different methods that scientists can use to study climate changes for which no historical record exists. Analysis of sediments and shells of microorganisms on the sea floor. Shells that lived at the surface can give a history of changes in temperature of the sea surface. Drilling into glaciers to study oxygen isotopes create a climate history. Study tree rings to identify climate history of the trees’ lifetime.

45. Essay: Describe how climate might vary in the regions on two sides of a mountain range, and on two slopes of a single mountain. Climate on the windward side is wetter and colder. Climate on the leeward side is drier and warmer. The mountains form a barrier to air masses, and rain falls on the windward side as air is forced to rise over the range. Climate on two slopes of a mountain can vary depending on directions the slopes are facing. In the Northern Hemisphere, a north facing slope might be colder and always snow covered.

46. Graphic Question:\$100 Question • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 • d. Choice 4 ANSWER BACK TO GAME