Warm up • What is Separation of Powers? • The division of the powers of government among the three branches • Name the two bodies of the legislature. • Senate and The House of representatives • How many members in each? • 435 in the House based on population and 100 in the senate, 2 from each state
Warm up • What is federalism? • Power is divided between the states and the federal government • System where the federal government only has powers that are given to it by the Constitution • Limited Government
Ideas Behind the Constitution Separation of powers • The division of the powers of government among the three branches • Legislative: Two houses of congress, law making body. • Executive : The President • Judicial: The Supreme Court, interprets the constitution
Framing the Constitution Magna Carta English Bill of Rights • Taxes cannot be raised without the consent of the people • Right to trial by jury • Habeas Corpus, no person shall be held without being charged for a crime. • Even the head of government must obey the law
Structure of the Constitution • The Articles of the Constitution represents a framework for government • Amendments are formal changes that have been made to the Constitution • In 200 years only 27 changes have been made to the Constitution
Seven Basic Principles of the Constitution Popular Sovereignty: People are the primary source of the governments authority
Limited Government: The government only has the powers the constitution gives it.
Separation of Powers: Dividing government into three branches to limit the governments powers
Checks and Balances • Each branch of government has the power to check , or limit , the actions of the other two.
Federalism • Division of power between the federal government and the states.
Republicanism • Citizens elect representatives to carry out their will
Individual Rights • Rights of each individual such as • Freedom speech • Freedom of Religion
House of Representatives 435 members based on population Senate 100 senators 2 per state
How the Federal Government Works • The senate is based on equal representation, two from each state. 100 total • The House of Representatives, size based on population
Powers of Congress • Most important power is to make the nations laws • A bill can be proposed in the House or the Senate • If the President does not like a bill, he has the power to VETO a bill.
Executive Branch • The President carries out the laws and runs the affairs of the national government.
Electing the President • President is elected to a four year term • Per the 22nd Amendment, the President may only serve two terms. • Americans do not vote directly for the President, they vote for electors • The electors are based on the number of senators and representatives in the house.
Warm up 11/4/2013 • Which part of the Constitution addresses the freedoms guaranteed to all citizens? • The Bill of Rights • What is one way the Constitution may be amended? • Congress may propose an amendment • Why do you think the framers of the Constitution made congress so powerful? • Congress represents the will of the people.
Amending the Constitution • The Constitution was written to be flexible enough for change but not so flexible that it could be easily changed. • Congress can propose an amendment if both house and the senate vote for the change.
Group Assignments • Pablo , Andrew P, Yesenia • Chris, Emily, Ericela • Lucy, Kobe, Tiang • Andrew E, Tyler , Chelsea • Mone, Chris N, Sammie • Gillie Ann , Sabrina, Isabel • Angelika (score keeper)
Warm up 11/5/2013 • Name one way the Constitution can be amended • Congress can propose an amendment if both house and the senate vote for the change. • What is the purpose of Separation of Powers? • So that one branch does not become too powerful. • Please list the three branches of government. • Judicial, Congress or legislature, and Executive.
State and Local Governments • The federal governments deals with national issues • The states deal with state agencies
State Services • Enforcing the law • Building and maintaining highways • Operating state parks
Local Governments • Counties, cities and towns • Firefighters, Police officers and garbage collectors • Maintains local roads, and hospitals. • Sewers and water
Becoming an American Citizen • You were born in the United States or have at least one parent who is a citizen. • You became a citizen through the naturalization process.