Warm up - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

warm up n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Warm up PowerPoint Presentation
play fullscreen
1 / 35
Download Presentation
Warm up
Download Presentation

Warm up

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Warm up • What is Separation of Powers? • The division of the powers of government among the three branches • Name the two bodies of the legislature. • Senate and The House of representatives • How many members in each? • 435 in the House based on population and 100 in the senate, 2 from each state

  2. Warm up • What is federalism? • Power is divided between the states and the federal government • System where the federal government only has powers that are given to it by the Constitution • Limited Government

  3. Ideas Behind the Constitution Separation of powers • The division of the powers of government among the three branches • Legislative: Two houses of congress, law making body. • Executive : The President • Judicial: The Supreme Court, interprets the constitution

  4. Framing the Constitution

  5. Framing the Constitution Magna Carta English Bill of Rights • Taxes cannot be raised without the consent of the people • Right to trial by jury • Habeas Corpus, no person shall be held without being charged for a crime. • Even the head of government must obey the law

  6. Structure of the Constitution • The Articles of the Constitution represents a framework for government • Amendments are formal changes that have been made to the Constitution • In 200 years only 27 changes have been made to the Constitution

  7. 1919, Prohibition of Alcoholic Beverages

  8. 1920, Nineteenth Amendment guaranteed women the right to vote

  9. 1933, Repeal of Prohibition

  10. Seven Basic Principles of the Constitution Popular Sovereignty: People are the primary source of the governments authority

  11. Limited Government: The government only has the powers the constitution gives it.

  12. Separation of Powers: Dividing government into three branches to limit the governments powers

  13. Checks and Balances • Each branch of government has the power to check , or limit , the actions of the other two.

  14. Federalism • Division of power between the federal government and the states.

  15. Republicanism • Citizens elect representatives to carry out their will

  16. Individual Rights • Rights of each individual such as • Freedom speech • Freedom of Religion

  17. House of Representatives 435 members based on population Senate 100 senators 2 per state

  18. How the Federal Government Works • The senate is based on equal representation, two from each state. 100 total • The House of Representatives, size based on population

  19. Powers of Congress • Most important power is to make the nations laws • A bill can be proposed in the House or the Senate • If the President does not like a bill, he has the power to VETO a bill.

  20. Executive Branch • The President carries out the laws and runs the affairs of the national government.

  21. Electing the President • President is elected to a four year term • Per the 22nd Amendment, the President may only serve two terms. • Americans do not vote directly for the President, they vote for electors • The electors are based on the number of senators and representatives in the house.

  22. Warm up 11/4/2013 • Which part of the Constitution addresses the freedoms guaranteed to all citizens? • The Bill of Rights • What is one way the Constitution may be amended? • Congress may propose an amendment • Why do you think the framers of the Constitution made congress so powerful? • Congress represents the will of the people.

  23. Amending the Constitution • The Constitution was written to be flexible enough for change but not so flexible that it could be easily changed. • Congress can propose an amendment if both house and the senate vote for the change.

  24. Group Assignments • Pablo , Andrew P, Yesenia • Chris, Emily, Ericela • Lucy, Kobe, Tiang • Andrew E, Tyler , Chelsea • Mone, Chris N, Sammie • Gillie Ann , Sabrina, Isabel • Angelika (score keeper)

  25. Warm up 11/5/2013 • Name one way the Constitution can be amended • Congress can propose an amendment if both house and the senate vote for the change. • What is the purpose of Separation of Powers? • So that one branch does not become too powerful. • Please list the three branches of government. • Judicial, Congress or legislature, and Executive.

  26. State and Local Governments • The federal governments deals with national issues • The states deal with state agencies

  27. State Services • Enforcing the law • Building and maintaining highways • Operating state parks

  28. Local Governments • Counties, cities and towns • Firefighters, Police officers and garbage collectors • Maintains local roads, and hospitals. • Sewers and water

  29. Becoming an American Citizen • You were born in the United States or have at least one parent who is a citizen. • You became a citizen through the naturalization process.