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Where is Greece? • Greece is 5,748 miles from Georgia. • It takes 11 hours to fly from Georgia to Greece! • Its capital city is Athens
Where is greece? • It is located on the continent of Europe. • What 2 hemispheres is Greece located in?
Who is closer? • Is the USA or Greece closer to the equator? • Who is closer to the Prime Meridian?
Landforms • Greece is a peninsula. That means it has water on 3 sides. • How is a peninsula similar and different from an island?
Beaches • Today, many people visit Greece for the beautiful beaches & houses built on the sides of the mountains.
Ancient Greece • In Ancient Greece, the different cities were at war with each other. • The most fearsome fighters came from the town of Sparta.
The Climate • The climate is warm. • The Mediterranean Sea affects the Greek climate, cooling the air in summer and providing warmth in winter.
The Climate - Summer • The Greek summer is hot and dry. • On average the sun shines for 3,000 hours per year. • The average temperature is 79°F. • The average rainfall is 20-50 inches.
The Climate - winter • The Greek winter is moderate. It can be rainy on coastal regions and snowy in the mountains. • The average temperature is 40°F.
Ancient greece - terrain • Greece has a very scenic landscape. • The terrain of Greece is very varied. • There are mountains, valleys and coasts. • The high mountains are separated by deep valleys through which rivers flow.
Ancient greece - terrain • No part of Greece is more than about forty miles from the coast (a couple of days walking). • There are lots of islands surrounding Greece. • However, millions of years ago the seabed was completely dry!
soil and plants • In Ancient Greece, farmers grew olives, figs, grain, fruit and grapes in the fertile valleys.
Soil and plants • However, other parts of Ancient Greece had drier soil and less vegetation, particularly around the cities. • Although surrounded by sea water, they found it difficult to find fresh water away from the valleys.
volcanic • Another important aspect of the Greek environment is that it is very unstable. • There are several active volcanoes and earthquakes are common.