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Greek Theater. Overview of Greek Theater. Antigone. The land. The Theater. The Land. Greece has thousands of inhabited islands and dramatic mountain ranges. The Land. Greece has a rich culture and history. The Land. Democracy was founded in Greece. The Land.

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Greek Theater

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overview of greek theater
Overview of Greek Theater
  • Antigone
  • The land
  • The Theater
the land
The Land
  • Greece has thousands of inhabited islands and dramatic mountain ranges
the land1
The Land
  • Greece has a rich culture and history
the land2
The Land
  • Democracy was founded in Greece
the land3
The Land
  • Patriarchal (male dominated) society
the land4
The Land
  • Philosophy, as a practice, began in Greece (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle)
the land5
The Land

Located in Europe in the Aegean Sea


Overview of Greek Theater

  • The land
  • Antigone
  • The Theater
the theater1

Six Main Portions of Greek Theater:

Theatron – Seating for audience

The Theater
the theater2

Six Main Portions of Greek Theater:

Orchestra – “Dancing Place” where chorus sang to the audience

The Theater
the theater3

Six Main Portions of Greek Theater:

Thymele – altar to Dionysus in center of orchestra where sacrifices were made

The Theater
the theater4

Six Main Portions of Greek Theater:

Skene – wooden scene building used as a dressing room.

The Theater
the theater5

Six Main Portions of Greek Theater:

Parados – entrance to the theater used by the Chorus

The Theater
the theater6

Six Main Portions of Greek Theater:

Proskenion – where most of the action took place; also served as a backdrop

The Theater


  • God of Wine and Partying (Revelry)
the theater7
The Theater
  • Greek plays were performed during religious ceremonies held in honor of Dionysus, the Greek god of wine and revelry (altars generally on stage)
the theater8
The Theater
  • Business would shut down for days, people would travel from all around to see the drama competitions—even prisoners were temporarily released to see the plays
the theater9
The Theater
  • Tragedy means “goat song” (relates to Dionysian rituals)

Where and how were the dramas performed?

…With a chorus who described most of the action.


Where and how were the dramas performed?

Each morning, one of the playwrights presented three tragedies and a satyr play.


Where and how were the dramas performed?

That afternoon, another playwright presented a comedy.


Where and how were the dramas performed?

This went on for three days and then a winner was chosen.

how were the dramas developed
How were the dramas developed?
  • Thespis was the first playwright to tell a story. He had one chorus member step away from the others to play the part of a hero or god.
how were the dramas developed1
How were the dramas developed?

Aeschylus added a second individual actor to the performance, thus creating the possibility of conflict.

how were the dramas developed2
How were the dramas developed?
  • Sophocles adds a third actor; now we have full-blown drama.
sophocles antigone
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Is based on the myth of Oedipus
sophocles antigone1
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Oedipus is given away by his parents, Laios and Jocasta when they learn from an oracle that their son would kill his father and marry his mother.
The ancient citizens of Greece would sacrifice and pray to an ORACLE.

An oracle was a priest or priestess who would send a message from the gods to mortals who brought their requests.

the oracle at delphi
The Oracle at Delphi

Most famous oracle in Greek mythology.

sophocles antigone2
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Oedipus learns of the oracle and believing the king and queen of Corinth are his parents, he leaves to avoid the oracle.
sophocles antigone3
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Oedipus travels to Thebes, killing Laios on the way. He saves the city from a terrible monster, the Sphinx.
sophocles antigone4
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Thebes reward him by making him king and giving him the queen to marry.
sophocles antigone5
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • A plague hits the city and the oracle warns that it won’t go away until the killer of King Laios is punished.
sophocles antigone6
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Oedipus investigates and finds out he killed his father and married his mother.
sophocles antigone7
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Oedipus blinds himself and Jocasta kills herself.
sophocles antigone8
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Set in Thebes (a city in ancient Greece)
sophocles antigone9
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Antigone is the daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta.
sophocles antigone10
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Antigone’s brothers, Eteokles and Polyneces, were to rule in alternate years.
sophocles antigone11
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Eteokles refused to give up the throne for Polyneces at the end of his year.
sophocles antigone12
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Polyneces went to Argos and raised an army to gain the throne.
sophocles antigone13
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Eteokles and Polyneces killed each other in battle.
sophocles antigone14
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Antigone’s uncle, Creon, became king of Thebes.
sophocles antigone15
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Antigone’s uncle, Creon, gives Eteokles, his ally, a hero’s burial and issues a decree against burying Polyneces.
sophocles antigone16
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • Antigone believes that he is wrong and that both of her brothers should be buried with honor.
sophocles antigone17
Sophocles’ Antigone
  • The conflict between Antigone and Creon is the basis for the play.
euripides medea
Euripides’ Medea
  • Medea is a princess from Colchis
  • Medea marries Jason, who is in Colchis on a quest for the Golden Fleece
  • Medea betrays her father and murders her brother for her love of Jason
  • Medea has magical powers
  • Jason takes Medea back to his homeland, Corinth, where they have children
  • Jason takes another wife, the king of Corinth’s daughter
jason s voyage on the argo
Jason’s Voyage on the Argo

Jason and Medea meet

Corinth: Where Jason and Medea settle down

the myths why they were written
The Myths – Why they were written
  • Explained the unexplainable
  • Justified religious practices
  • Gave credibility to leaders
  • Gave hope
  • Polytheistic (more than one god)
  • Centered around the twelve Olympians (primary Greek gods)
explained the unexplainable
When Echo tried to get Narcissus to love her, she was denied.

Saddened, she shriveled to nothing, her existence melting into a rock.

Only her voice remained.

Hence, the echo!

Explained the Unexplainable
to give credibility to leaders
The Romans used myths to create family trees for their leaders, enforcing the made-up idea that the emperors were related to the gods and were, then, demigods.To give credibility to leaders
mount olympus
Mount Olympus…

…Where the



Who are the Olympians?

King of gods







  • Zeus’s brother
  • King of the sea
  • Earthquakes
  • Horses


  • Brother to Zeus and Poseidon
  • King of the Underworld (Tartarus)
  • Husband of Persphone
  • God of war


  • God of fire
  • Craftspeople
  • Metalworkers
  • Artisans


  • God of the sun
  • Music
  • Poetry
  • Fine arts
  • Medicine
Messenger to the gods




Thieves & scoundrels



  • Queen of gods
  • Women
  • Marriage
  • Childbirth


  • Goddess of Harvest
  • Agriculture
  • Fertility
  • Fruitfulness
  • Mom to Persephone


  • Goddess of Hearth
  • Home
  • Community


  • Goddess of wisdom
  • Practical arts
  • War


  • Goddess of love and beauty


  • Goddess of hunting and the moon.