Warm Up • Look at your thesis: Does it: • Answer the question? • Preview the three body paragraphs? Rework it. Make it the best thesis you have ever written. • If finished early, think of a great hook for your introduction.
What’s An Introduction? • Starts with an engaging opening statement (hook) • Next, a general statement (about the novel) that relates to your hook. • Mention the author and title within the first three lines of intro. • Each sentence gets more specific leading to your final sentence: your thesis.
Example: Hook The obstacles and barriers that come with new, forbidden love present themselves to the young couples in William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and Yukio Mishima’s Sound of Waves.
Example: Intro William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and Yukio Mishima’s Sound of Waves tell the stories of two lovers and the obstacles and characters that stand in the way of love. In Romeo and Juliet, certain characters have uncontrollable characteristics that lead them to do drastic things, which lead to many of the tragic events of the play. Similarly, Mishima’s characters possess certain traits that instigate the chain of events in his novel. The two stories depict the passion of two unlike characters: Juliet in Romeo and Juliet, and Yasuo in Sound of the Waves. Shakespeare and Mishima prove that the same characteristic, passion, can be found in the most different of characters, like Juliet and Yasuo, and can result in two different actions that create similarly negative results.
Try It! • Write an engaging opening that relates to your thesis. • It can be a: • Quote (from the book or otherwise) • Provocative statement • An thoughtful question
Phrases English 3/4 Chapter 3 Homework: Ex. 1 & 2 on pg. 70 & 71.
What is a phrase? • A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and does not contain a verb and its subject.
What is a clause? • A clause is a group of related words that contains a verb and its subject and is used as part of a sentence.
Are the following phrases? • was hoping • if she really knows • with Alice and me • We bought a new pen. • will be writing • inside the house • since Donna wrote • after they leave
Are the following phrases or clauses? • known for her crazy hair styles • Madonna is known for her crazy hair styles. • Living in London • After I had lived in London • Swimming with dolphins • When I went swimming with dolphins
Prepositional Phrase • A Prepositional phrase= a group of words consisting of a preposition and an object (noun or pronoun) • A preposition is a word that relates a noun or pronoun that appears with it to another word in the sentence. (Plane and Cloud) • (List on page 24 of Grammar book.)
Identify the preposition and object • Kyoko called to Nancy and me. • The marbles scattered under the table and chairs. • Send copies to the newspaper and the radio station.
Prepositional Phrase • instead of a picnic • behind our house • under the sea • Often prepositional phrases have an article: a, an, the
Adjective Phrases • Prepositional phrases are mainly used as adjectives or adverbs. • Prepositional phrases used as adjectives are called adjective phrases • Ex: The members of the club want sweatshirts with the club logo.
Adverb Phrases • Prepositional phrases are mainly used as adjectives or adverbs. • Prepositional phrases used as adverbs are called adverb phrases • Ex: She sailed across the lake.
Identify the prepositional phrase • 1. Yesterday, many students at Beverly suffered from the heat. • 2. In the morning, my friends and I drove to Starbucks. • Later in the day, we walked around the tennis courts. • An unusual monument stands near the courts.
Prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun Two cups of peppermint tea is my limit. Everyone in the classroom was silent. Prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, adj. or an adv. New Zealand was first inhabited by the Maori. The Maori canoes were full of animals and plants. Adjective vs. Adverb Phrase
Participial is a verb form that can be used as an adjective Waving Boy (Present) Baked Potato (Past) Talking to her dog, Mildred repotted the azaleas. The outfielder, having scooped up the grounder, threw the ball. Paco, having learned the secret, laughed Participial Phrase
Gerund= a verb form ending in –ing that is used as a noun The forwards practiced dribbling. A popular activity is singing. I talked to Amanda about bowling. Having two languages can be an asset. My immediate goal is running a marathon. My brother tried singing the blues. Gerund Phrase
A verb that can be used as a noun, an adjective or an adverb To help To ask To smile Do you try to eat a balanced diet? To read the morning paper in her robe seems indulgent. Joann was able to scrape the paint in one day. Infinitive Phrase
Appositive Phrase • Appositive= a noun or pronoun placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify or explain it. • The pigs, three animals whose story is well known, built these three types of houses. • An intermingling of Europeans and American Indians, the Métis developed a unique culture.