Enlightenment and Revolution By: Ema and Carly
Important Dates • 1517:Reformation • 1642:English Civil War Begins • 1687:Newton’s theory of gravity • 1754:7 Years War • 1776:American Revolution • 1789:French Revolution-July 14(Bastille Day)
Scientific Revolution • The explosion of scientific knowledge and technology. • Galileo, Newton, Harvey, Leeuwenhoek
Important People • Francis Bacon: English philosopher, promoted scientific method. • Rene Descartes: “I think therefore I am.” Truth found through reason • Locke: Natural rights, right to overthrow • Montesquieu: Checks and Balances
More Important People • Voltaire: “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” • Hobbes: Leviathon-people agree to absolute monarch to avoid chaos. • Immanuel Kant: physical and spiritual worlds are separate, reason cannot explain God. • Rousseau: Humans are naturally good.
Age of Enlightenment • Brought on from Scientific Revolution • People began to think nature followed rules. • “Dare to know” • Use reason to answer all questions.
Important Terms • The Social Contract: “Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains.” The right to rule belongs to the people. • Romanticism: emphasis on weird, unusual, bizarre things. • Natural law: universal moral law to be found through reason. • Pacifism: assembly of nations to settle disputes-calm • Deism: natural place in orderly universe-less “churchy” no relationship w/ God