Warm Up 1. In Buddhism, the third noble truth states that in order to rid yourself of suffering and pain, you must also get rid of: a. Anger b. Negative energy c. Selfishness 2. In the fourth noble truth, Buddha talks about mental discipline. This means you should: a. Hit a friend if they hit you b. Don’t overreact to a bad situation c. Be happy all the time 3. Hinduism and Buddhism both originated in a. Southwest Asia b. South Asia (Indian Subcontinent) c. China 4. Hinduism differs from Buddhism in that: a. it follows the idea of reincarnation and Buddhism does not b. it is from the Indian Subcontinent and Buddhism is not c. it follows the Caste/Varna System and Buddhism does not d. Hinduism is not as old as Buddhism
The concept of Zero was first used in India. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 1053 with specific names as early as 5000 BC during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera: 1012. MaharshiSushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like caesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery. Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipments were used. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, physiology, aetiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts. India
Did you know? Can you think of anything that we have in the U.S. that came from India? Meditation exercises; you can take these classes at the YMCA YOGA Hindi phrase meaning loose trousers PAJAMAS Game of skill played on a checkerboard with moveable pieces CHESS Expensive sweaters made from goat hair in a region of India CASHMERE This digit means nothing, but can greatly change the value of a number when added onto the end of a number ZERO A brand of clothing; also a game played while riding horses POLO
Kalarippayat -Origin of Martial arts – 200 BC Kerala, South India, guardians of the origins of modern martial-arts, influenced by Yoga and connected to the ancient Indian sciences of war (dhanur-veda) and medicine (ayur-veda). The origin of kung-fu begins with the legend of a monk named Bodhidharma (also known as Ta Mo) who travelled from India to China around 500 A.D.
Gupta India Reading • First Paragraph- circle accomplishments • Second Paragraph- Why did the Gupta Empire fall? • Short-Term Contribution examples • Long-Term Effects • Use pg. 83 to describe how and where these contributions culturally diffused.
Silk Road and Indian Ocean Lanes pg. 83 • Sketch the map into your notes • Include a title and compass rose • Label India and China • Draw the trade routes and label the Silk Road • Label the belief systems • Hinduism and Buddhism for India • Confucianism, Daoism and Legalism for China