Punctuating Adjective & Adverb Clauses By: Ms. Conner
Adjective Clause • An adjective clause is used to describe a noun. The Car,which was red, belonged to Katie. Birthday’s,which are great, only come once a year.
Non-essential clauses: • give extra information about the noun, but they are not essential. Ex: The desk in the corner,which is covered in books, is Ms. Ferrel’s. Our junior year,which has been a ton of fun, is coming to an end.
Essential clauses: • gives essential information about the noun. Ex: The present that arrived this morning was for Ms. Whitmire. The test that is tomorrow will be very difficult.
Words that Introduce Adjective Clauses • who • whom • whose • that • which • when • where • why
Adverb Clauses • An adverb clause contains a subject and a full verb. • Answers where, why, when, how, or to what degree something was done. Christina always studies before a test. I saw the movie before I left for San Diego.
Common Adverb Clauses • Where? Wherever Ms. Conner is, there are students learning nearby. • When? After this lesson is over, we will celebrate Ms. Whitmire’s birthday! • Why? Jenny didn’t call the boy,because she was shy.
Common Adverb Clauses • Why? Sandra goes to college, so that she can become a teacher! • To what degree? Although Kathy has a degree in nursing, she wants to be a teacher. • How? If Heather saves her money, then she can buy her wedding dress.
Commonly Used Subordinating Connections after although as as if as long as as soon as because before even though if since than though unless until when whenever wherever while
What is the Difference? • Adjective Clause- clause that describes a noun with either essential or unessential information. • Adverb Clause- a phrase that contains a subject and a verb and answers a question – where, why, how, when, or to what degree.
Adjective or Adverb Clause? • Spring break, which went by too fast, was fun. • Next spring we will start our student teaching!! • Although Stephanie is a full time student, she works three jobs. • I Am Legend, which came out in March, starred Will Smith.
Sources • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/advcls.htm • http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/adjhtm