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Road to Revolution

Road to Revolution. Identifications (4 Points). 1.Trade and Navigation Acts. Answer One. This act declared that all goods shipped between England and the Colonies had to be carried on British ships. This act was detested by the colonies. Identifications (4 Points). 2. Duty.

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Road to Revolution

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  1. Road to Revolution

  2. Identifications (4 Points) • 1.Trade and Navigation Acts

  3. Answer One • This act declared that all goods shipped between England and the Colonies had to be carried on British ships. This act was detested by the colonies.

  4. Identifications (4 Points) • 2. Duty Sons of Liberty Destroying Massachusetts Governor’s Home

  5. Answer Two • A duty is a tax. The British added a duty to all products purchased by the colonies from countries other than England. This made prices higher for the colonists.

  6. Identifications (4 Points) • 3. Albany Plan of Union Ben Franklin

  7. Answer Three • Seven colonies met with representatives of the Iroquois Nation in Albany to convince the Iroquois to join the British against the French. It was really to unify the colonists.

  8. Identifications(4 Points) • 4. William Pitt

  9. Answer Four • William Pitt-was the Minister of War in England during the French and Indian War. He was successful in leading England to victory over France.

  10. Identifications (4 Points) • 5. Treaty of Paris (1763) Map of Post War North America

  11. Answer Five • Treaty of Paris (1763) ended the French and Indian Wars. England gained all of Canada and and Florida. England now controlled all the land east of the Mississippi.

  12. Identifications (4 Points) • 6. Pontiac’s Rebellion King George Ordered the Proclamation of 1763 due Pontiac’s Rebellion

  13. Answer Six • Pontiac’s Rebellion was a rebellion against the English by a group of Indians in the West. This rebellion led to the British passing the Proclamation of 1763 which forbade colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains.

  14. Identifications (4 Points) • 7. Proclamation of 1763

  15. Answer Seven • England did not allow the colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. The colonists resented this law. Land speculators particularly did not like this proclamation.

  16. Identifications (4 Points) • 8. Sugar Act George Grenville Author of the Sugar Act

  17. Answer Eight • This act forced the Colonists to pay a tax on sugar. Although there was already an act on the books with a higher tax on sugar, this act , which replaced the first one was enforced rigorously.

  18. Identifications (4 Points) • 9. Stamp Act The Stamp That Started a Revolution

  19. Answer Nine • Stamp Act was a revenue law intended to raise money by taxing such things as documents, newspapers, and college diplomas. This tax infuriated the educated and influential classes of the colonies.

  20. Identifications (4 Points) • 10. Sons of Liberty Boston’s Old North Church

  21. Answer Ten • Sons of Liberty were a group of colonists who enforced the boycott of British goods. They were able to influence the colonists not to buy British goods that hurt business in England leading to the repeal of many of the taxes.

  22. Identifications (4 Points) • 11. Daughters of Liberty DOL Made Quilts to Support The Boycott

  23. Answer Eleven • Daughters of Liberty made finished goods for the colonists to help ease the stress from the boycotts. They also wrote pamphlets of protest but were forced to publish them under men's names.

  24. Identifications (4 Points) • 12. Boston Massacre

  25. Answer Twelve • Colonial men taunted British soldiers outside the Boston Custom House. When they began throwing things at the soldiers, the soldiers panicked and fired into the crowd. The Boston Massacre served as a rallying point for the colonists.

  26. Identifications (4 Points) • 13. Monopoly Tea Chest From The East India Tea Company

  27. Answer Thirteen • Monopoly is when one company gains sole control of a particular market or product. The British gave a monopoly to the East India Company to sell tea in the colonies, which infuriated the colonists.

  28. Identifications (4 Points) • 14. Green Mountain Boys

  29. Answer Fourteen • Green Mountain Boys were a group of colonists from Vermont who captured Fort Ticonderoga from the British. This was important because it allowed the colonists to control the vital Lake George/ Lake Ticonderoga route.

  30. Identifications (4 Points) • 15. Lexington and Concord

  31. Answer Fifteen • British soldiers were sent to Concord to destroy military supplies. The colonists faced them down in Lexington and Concord and Revolutionary War had begun.

  32. Short Answer One (6 Points) • Why did the Indians prefer French rule rather than British rule?

  33. Answer • The Indians preferred French rule to that of the British because the French treated them fairly and accepted them as human beings. The French were so accepting of the Indians way of life that they married Indian woman something the British never did.

  34. ShortAnswer Two (6 Points) • Explain why the British felt it necessary to enact the Proclamation of 1763.

  35. Answer • The British felt it was important to enact the Proclamation of 1763 in order to limit the amount of land and people they would have to protect form the Indians in the West. They also used this act as a vehicle to keep the colonists all in one place and limit their strength and mobility.

  36. Short Answer Three (6 Points) • Explain why the colonists felt it was unfair of the British to enact the Proclamation of 1763.

  37. Answer • The colonists felt the Proclamation of 1763 was unfair because it deprived them of land they felt they were entitled to through previous charters given by the British. Land speculators who made their living buying and selling land also felt it was unfair since it limited their opportunities to make money.

  38. Short Answer Four (7 Points) • Define the concept of “taxation without representation” and explain why the British felt the colonists were already represented in England.

  39. Patriot Sam Adams

  40. Answer • Colonists felt that the British had no right to tax them since they elected no direct representatives to Parliament in London. They also believed that only the locally elected bodies in the colonies such as the House of Burgesses had a right to enact and collect taxes in the colonies. • The British believed that all colonists were represented through “virtual representation “ because all members of the House of Commons in England took an oath to represent all the people of the British Empire.

  41. Short Answer Five (7 Points) • What was the First Continental Congress and what happened at this historic meeting that is significant?

  42. Patrick Henry

  43. Answer • The First Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia to address British actions towards Massachusetts after the Boston Tea Party. They felt that although the British had targeted Boston for retaliation, they could choose to act against any of the colonies whenever they wished. Members of the Congress expressed their displeasure with England in writing but did so in respectful terms. They also outlined what they saw as their rights as citizens of Britain and colonists.

  44. Short Answer Six (7 Points) • What was the Second Continental Congress and what steps did this Congress take to further the efforts of the Revolutionary War?

  45. General George Washington

  46. Answer • The Second Continental Congress met shortly after hostilities broke out in Massachusetts between England and the Colonists. This congress agreed to raise money from the individual colonies for the war effort, seek help from the French, and named George Washington commander in chief of the newly formed Continental Army.

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