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ROAD TO REVOLUTION

ROAD TO REVOLUTION

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ROAD TO REVOLUTION

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  1. ROAD TO REVOLUTION

  2. 1764-Writs of Assistance 1764—Sugar Act 1765—Stamp Act 1766—Declaratory Act 1766—Quartering Act 1767—Townshend Acts 1773—Tea Act 1774—Coercive Acts 1774—Quebec Act James Otis offers arguments for colonist Opposition fragmented and ineffective Mass resistance Ignored it New York resisted External/internal argument— Letter from a Penn. Farmer Boston Tea Party Intolerable Acts—1st Continental Congress Further inflamed colonist British Actions Colonist Actions

  3. WRITS OF ASSISTANCE • BLANK SEARCH WARRANTS—designed to stop smuggling • Otis argued that it violated traditional respect privacy of family homes • Otis argued that any “act that violated the Constitution was void” • Justice ruled that same warrants were being used in England so they were legal

  4. Sugar Act • All colonial goods exported to foreign countries had to go through port in Britain • Instituted complicated paperwork for ships captain • Stipulated that smugglers were not to be tried by a jury of their peers but by he vice-admiralty court

  5. Stamp Act • Tax placed on paper used for newspaper, doucments, licenses, diplomas etc. • Touched every American colonist • “no taxation without representation” • Mass resistance and violence against government officals • Creation of the Sons of Liberty • Parliament agreed to repeal it

  6. Declaratory Act • Delcared that Parliament had the authority to legislate for all the colonies “in all cases whatsoever.”

  7. Quartering Act • New York resisted further damaging colonial favor with Parliament

  8. Townshend Acts • Tax on glass, paint, lead , paper, and tea • Townshend believed the colonist would accept it as an “external tax” • Coloniest rejected them as an effort to raise revenue—not to regulate trade • John Dickinson gained support for resistance with his “Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania”

  9. Tea Act • Stipulated that the colonist could only buy tea from the East India tea Company • This was an obvious attempt on the part of Parliament to enrich a company that many of them had stock in • With much Bostonian support the “The Boston Tea Party” occurred

  10. Coercive Acts • Closed Boston Harbor • Boston had to pay for damages • Revoked the Mass charter • No town meetings were allowed • Colonist learned of the Quebec Act at the same time. Giving great benefits to the French Catholics of Quebec, which further incited them.

  11. Timeline of events Treaty of Paris 1763 Proclamation of 1763 1764-1767—British efforts to raise money from colonist 1770—Boston Massacre 1772—Committee of Correspondence 1773-1774—Boston Tea Party and Intolerable Act Meeting of the 1st Continental Congress 1775—Battles of Lexington and Concord 2nd Continental Congress Olive Branch Petition Battle of Bunker and Breeds Hill Jan. 1776—Publication of Common Sense July 1776—Declaration of Independence