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This unit covers important events and causes that led to the American Revolution, including the French and Indian War, the Albany Plan of Union, and various acts passed by the British government. Students will analyze the impact of these events on the colonists and their role in the road to revolution.
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Road to Revolution 1754 - 1763
Unit 2 – Road to Revolution • Update your Table of Contents for today’s activities • Get your 5 W’s of North Carolina Chart out to be checked • Read page 156 to yourself silently
Quick Review: North Carolina as a Colony • From your 5 W’s Chart, what did you find out about North Carolina? • 5 minutes of “Facts for Tickets”
Events Leading Toward Revolution • What are 2 things that you read about on page 156 that could be considered events that led towards revolution?
Road to Revolution: Sequence of Important Events • Using the graphic organizer and pages 167- 173 fill in the event that occurred for each date listed in the box BUT, leave room for notes! 1754: French and Indian War begins - Albany Plan of Union -
Road to Revolution: Sequence of Important Events 1754: • French and Indian War begins – fighting between British and French and their Native American allies • Albany Plan of Union – proposal by Ben Franklin to create a council to take over certain affairs of the colonies to unite their defenses
Road to Revolution: Sequence of Important Events 1763: (French and Indian War ends with Treaty of Paris) • Proclamation of 1763 – British act that closed all lands west of the Appalachian Mountains for colonial settlement to appease the Native Americans
Road to Revolution: Sequence of Important Events 1764: Sugar Act – law that raised taxes on luxury goods such as silk, wine & molasses; mostly affected merchants
Road to Revolution: Sequence of Important Events 1765: • Quartering Act – law that required colonists to feed and shelter British troops • Stamp Act – law stating that colonists had to pay for stamps printed on taxable paper items
Road to Revolution: Sequence of Important Events 1767: • Townshend Acts – group of laws that raised revenues by enforcing the collection of taxes and imposing new taxes on items like tea and glass
Road to Revolution: Sequence of Important Events 1769: Non-Importation Association – established to boycott the purchase of any British goods
Road to Revolution: Sequence of Important Events 1770: • Townshend & Stamp Act repealed EXCEPT tax on tea • Boston Massacre – small argument that ended in 5 colonists being killed but Patriots used the event to gain support
Road to Revolution: Sequence of Important Events 1773: • Tea Act – an act that cut tea prices, but not the tax on tea to try to help British merchants • Boston Tea Party – Patriots disguised as Native Americans boarded ships in Boston harbor and dumped tea overboard in protest
Road to Revolution: Sequence of Important Events 1774: • The “Intolerable Acts” – Britain punished colonists for the Boston Tea Party by sealing off the harbor • First Continental Congress – representatives from the colonies met in Philadelphia to put together options for action against Britain
Road to Revolution: 4 Square - Set 1 Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act For each important act or event you must include a description, the impact on colonists, and an illustration that represents this act or event. For example… Quartering Act Stamp Act
Albany Plan of Union • The Albany Plan of Union was an attempt to unite the colonies and the governing of their affairs to provide a stronger defense. Although it was unsuccessful it was the first attempt to unite the colonies against an opponent which will lead to their unification against Britain later. The slogan was changed to UNITE, or DIE once the Revolution started
Warm-Up • Update your Table of Contents for today’s activities • Get your 4 Square out to be checked • Fill in “The Basic Facts” portion of the French and Indian War note guide
Clarifying The Stamp Act It applied to... • All legal and commercial documents • Diplomas, contracts, wills • Any published materials such as newspapers had to be written on special “stamped” paper Impact… While the Sugar Act before it mostly affected merchants, this affected all colonists
French & Indian War • http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/?assetGuid=c027fb8a-074e-4be5-8f02-be4f61e381c4&fromMyDe=0&isPrinterFriendly=0&provider=&isLessonFromHealth=0&productcode=US&isAssigned=false&includeHeader=YES&homeworkGuid=
Cause 1 • While the British are colonizing the East Coast, France is claiming land west of the Appalachian Mountains • Each side wanted the Ohio River Valley area for fur trade and farmland, and in the early 1750’s the British began to move into French territory
Effect 1 • French & Native Americans become alarmed and destroy several British trading posts and begin to build forts for protection
Cause 2 • In 1753, George Washington is sent to deliver a letter demanding that French troops leave the area
Effect 2 • The French laughed…the British now had to decide – leave or fight
Cause 3 • French colonists build Fort Duquesne
Effect 3 • British build Fort Necessity and launched the first attack
Cause 4 • The fighting begins!
Effect 4 • The first victory goes to the British
Cause 5 • Most of the fighting is confined, and both sides rely heavily on their Native American allies to fight
Effect 5 • England and France stay out of the fight for the first 2 years
Cause 6 • British colonists suffer from lack of Native American allies & real support from Britain
Effect 6 • Benjamin Franklin proposes the Albany Plan of Union…
Cause 7 • In 1756, Britain is losing badly
Effect 7 • England and France officially declare war leading to the outbreak of worldwide conflict called the “Seven Years War”
Cause 8 • In 1758, the tide turns as the British capture Fort Duquesne and rename it Fort Pitt • In 1759, the British also capture Quebec, the heart of French territory
Effect 8 • Fort Pitt will eventually become the city of Pittsburgh
Cause 9 • In 1763, both the French and British are exhausted, and the British come out the winners
Effect 9 • The Treaty of Paris was signed to end the war between France and Britain • The Proclamation of 1763 was established between the British and the Native Americans
Cause 10 • Both England and the colonists were excited about all of the new land acquired from winning the war BUT • Both groups had very different ideas about the new land and their roles in the war, especially England who had acquired a lot of debt from the war
Effect 10 • You fill in what happened next: What did happen?
Analyzing the Map • Use the map on page 166 to answer the last 4 questions on your note guide
Closing Questions • What are the 2 main events that are now leading to the Revolution? • How do they relate to one another?
4 Square – Set 2 Townshend Acts Tea Act For each important act or event you must include a description, the impact on colonists, and an illustration that represents this act or event. “Intolerable Acts” First Continental Congress
Warm-Up • Update your Table of Contents for today’s activities • Get your 4 Square out to be checked • Review our new classroom policies and tape them on the top of page 24
Classroom Policies Discussion • What can you relate your feelings towards our new classroom policies to? • In this situation Principal Brooks represents who? • Do you think her use of power to create these rules is fair?
Relating Classroom Policies Tyranny – unjust use of power (The Sons of Libertyformed to fight against British tyranny) • Under where you pasted your policies, please explain how the Colonial Policies (Sugar Act, Townshend Acts etc) are an example of tyranny, and how your role would be like the Sons of Liberty.
The First Continental Congress • Based on the article and images, you and your partner must decide on what the overall tone of the First Continental Congress was and then…create a mock conversation of what you think was said!
After The First Continental Congress • Spies on both sides are busy • The colonists are beginning to prepare to fight by building militias of Minutemen • Sons of Liberty prepare by stocking ammunition and create a plan to warn colonists for the British attack… What was this plan?
The Midnight Ride 1. Read “The Midnight Ride” – another one of the “Lies My Teacher Told Me” – read article together • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q1El-guPeEo • Quickly color the route of each of the riders
Revolution!!! • April 19th, 1775 (the morning after The Midnight Ride) the first shots of the Revolution were fired and referred to as “the shot heard ‘round the world” • Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the Revolutionary War • American colonists would now have to choose sides: Loyalists – those who supported the British Patriots – those who supported the rebels