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Road to Revolution

Road to Revolution

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Road to Revolution

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  1. Road to Revolution 1763-1776

  2. 1763 was a "turning point" in British-colonial relationships!

  3. 1763-1765: RESENTMENT • Defining event-Mother Country poem • 1766-1770: ANGER • Defining moment-Boston Massacre • 1771-1776: ACTION • Defining moment: Dec. of Independence 3 Phases of Revolution

  4. Objective: To explain how 1763-1765 was a period of resentment by the colonists

  5. Wars cost $$$ and Britain is in debt!Options for British Parliament?

  6. is the experience of a negative emotion, felt as a real or imagined wrong done Bitterness Contempt Ranklement RESENTFUL

  7. George Grenville’s Program, 1763-1765 1. Sugar Act - 1764 2. Currency Act - 1764 • Quartering Act – 1764 • 4. Stamp Act – 1765 • Stamp Act Congress?

  8. Stamp Act Crisis Loyal Nine- 1765 Sons of Liberty– began in Boston:Samuel Adams

  9. Stamp Act Congress, NYC

  10. “Mother Country” poem • BF-Started as a strong supporter of the British • “unofficial” ambassador of the colonies, 1757-1775 • Becomes a strong leader of revolution • Used propaganda! • Serious commentary • Jokes • Parodies • Songs/poems

  11. Objective: To explain how 1766-1770 was a period of angerby the colonists

  12. A strong feeling of displeasure or hostility. • To make angry; enrage or provoke. Rage Fury Wrath ANGER

  13. PAPER GLASS TEA LEAD Townshend duties British NEED to raise revenue from the colonies; to pay the British officials (tax collectors) in the Colonies.

  14. Tax Collection in the Colonies Tax Collectors are working FOR Britain, collecting taxes FROM the colonists Revenue for the taxes is used TO PAY the tax collectors themselves Colonists focused their ANGER on tax collectors!

  15. Tar and Feathering

  16. Colonial Response to the Townshend Duties 1. John Dickinson  1768*Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania. 2. 1768  2nd non-importation movement:*“Daughters of Liberty”*spinning bees Riots against customs agents:* John Hancock’s ship, the Liberty.* 4000 British troops sent to Boston.

  17. The Boston Massacre (March 5,1770)

  18. For the first time, many colonists began calling people who joined the non-importation movement, "patriots!"

  19. Objective: To explain how 1771-1776 was a period of actionby the colonists

  20. The fact or process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim -act -operation -doing -battle Action

  21. The Gaspee Incident (1772) Providence, RI

  22. Committees of Correspondence PURPOSE: Set up lines of communication between colonies Why? warn neighboring colonies about incidents with Br. broaden the resistance movement.

  23. Tea Act (1773) • British East India Company • Monopoly on British tea imports • Many members of Parliament held stock in B.E.I.C. • Permitted B.E.I.C. to sell tea directly to American colonies • The Colonies would pay for CHEAPER TEA! • Why would some colonial leaders NOT want this?

  24. Boston Tea Party (1773)

  25. The Intolerable Acts (1774) 1. Port Bill 2. Government Act 3. New Quartering Act 4. Administration of Justice Act Lord North

  26. The Quebec Act (1774)

  27. First Continental Congress (1774) 55 delegates from 12 colonies Agenda How to respond to the Intolerable Acts & the Quebec Act? 1 vote per colony represented.

  28. “The British Are Coming . . .” Paul Revere & William Dawes make their midnight ride to warn the Minutemen of approaching British soldiers.

  29. The Shot Heard ‘Round the World! Lexington & Concord – April 18,1775

  30. The Second Continental Congress(May1775) • Agenda “Olive Branch” • Colonies make last ditch effort to • avoid all out war • Some colonies wanted independence • N.E.-NY-PA • Some wanted to make amends • NJ-MD-VA-CAR

  31. “Battle” of Bunker HillJune 1775

  32. Thomas Paine: Common Sense

  33. Declaration of Independence (1776)

  34. He has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life & liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating & carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere… • is the warfare of the CHRISTIAN king of Great Britain. Determined to keep open a market where MEN should be bought & sold, he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or to restrain this execrable commerce:… • he is now exciting those very people to rise in arms among us, and to purchase that liberty of which he has deprived them, & murdering the people upon whom he also obtruded them; thus paying off former crimes committed against the liberties of one people, with crimes which he urges them to commit against the lives of another... the forbidden paragraph

  35. Declaration of Independence When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,

  36. Wow! That Paine has a way with words!

  37. Declaration of Independence --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. …than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.

  38. Declaration of Independence The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

  39. Declaration of Independence He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures. He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. He has obstructed the Administration of Justice… He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation He has endeavouredto prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

  40. Declaration of Independence In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them… We have reminded them… We have appealed… They have been deaf to the voice of justice… We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation…

  41. We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions… • solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; Declaration Independence

  42. 1. Who was its intended audience? • 2. On what grounds does the document justify the colonists' demand for political independence? Do you find these reasons persuasive? • 3. Why doesn't the Declaration refer to the British Parliament and why does it place so much emphasis on the actions of the king? Questions to be answered:

  43. Declaration of Independence

  44. Independence Hall

  45. New National Symbols