Road to Revolution 1752-1782
1752 • Georgia became a royal colony in 1752. • The 13 English colonies were divided into 3 regions: • The New England colonies • The Middle Colonies • The Southerncolonies – GA was a southern colony.
Economies • The economy of the New England colonies was based on building ships, fishing, whaling, andtradingwith Great Britain. • The economy of the Middle colonies was based on growing wheat, manufacturing, mining, textiles, and shipbuilding. • The economy of the Southern colonies was agriculture – tobacco, indigo, silk, & rice.
The French and Indian War • The French and Indian War was fought between France and Englandover land in the Ohio River Valley.
The Treaty of Paris • Ended the French and Indian War. • Set GA’s southern boundary as the St. Mary’s River and its western boundary at the Mississippi River
Proclamation of 1763 • Prohibited (forbad) colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains. • Was issued to avoid a problem with the Native Americans.
Tories or Patriots • Torie - some one loyal to the King • Patriot – those citizens read to cut ties with Great Britain.
Sons of Liberty • Were Patriots who dumped tea into Boston Harbor protesting the Tea Act. • They were responsible for the Boston Tea Party • GA’s chapter of the Sons of Liberty were called Liberty Boys. (question 17)
Sugar Act – 1764 • Was a tax placed on sugar and molasses imported from the West Indies. • This tax hurt GA because they traded with the sugar-producing countries such as Jamaica and Barbados.
Stamp Act - 1765 • In an attempt to raise money to pay for the French and Indian War, Great Britain placed a tax on newspapers, legal documents, licenses, and paper – including playing cards!
The Townshend Acts - 1767 • Placed an import tax on tea, paper, glass, and coloring for paints.
The Intolerable Acts • To punish the colonists for the actions of the Patriots, Parliament enacted four laws – • Closed the port of Boston until tea was paid for • No town meetings • Any soldier charged with violence would be tried in Great Britain not in the colonies • Quartering Act – colonists had to house British soldiers in their homes.
The Declaration of Independence Signed on July 4, 1776 Has 3 parts The preamble – or the first part – stated how the colonists felt about Democracy 2nd part – listed 27 grievances against the King 3rd part – declared states to be independent nations.
Declaration of Independence • Written by Thomas Jefferson • Georgia’s three signers (question 29) • Button Gwinnett • Lyman Hall • George Walton
NANCY HART • Around 1771, Nancy Hart was at home when 5 Tories stopped by and demanded that she cook for them. • She got them drunk, stole their guns, and signaled her daughter to alert her husband. • When the Tories noticed what she was doing, they rushed her. She fired and killed one and captured the rest. The captured Tories were put on trial and hanged. • Nancy Hart is the only woman to have a county named for her in Georgia.
AUSTIN DABNEY • Followed Col. Elijah Clarke to the Battle of Kettle Creek • He fought bravely in the battle in place of a white man and was wounded. • He was awarded land for his service.
Kettle Creek • Colonel Elijah Clarke • Patriot victory • Patriots defeated 800 British troops • Patriots gained guns, weapons, and horses. • It was significant because it raised the morale (spirits) of the Patriots. (question 37)
Siege of Savannah • Siege of Savannah • British victory • Siege – occurs when forces try to capture a fortified fort or town by surrounding it and preventing supplies from reaching it. • Siege was significant because Savannah remained in British hands until 1782 (3/12 years after the siege) (questions 36 & 39)
Treaty of Paris , 1783 • Ended the American Revolution war with Great Britain