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Warm-up. Place the following Early Republic events in chronological order: French Revolution Louisiana Purchase Embargo Act XYZ Affair Jay’s Treaty Battle of Tippecanoe Non-Intercourse Act “Battle” with Tripoli. Re-Introduction to WWII. Quick Facts. B. Human Costs. When?. 1939-1945

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warm up
Warm-up
  • Place the following Early Republic events in chronological order:
    • French Revolution
    • Louisiana Purchase
    • Embargo Act
    • XYZ Affair
    • Jay’s Treaty
    • Battle of Tippecanoe
    • Non-Intercourse Act
    • “Battle” with Tripoli
quick facts
Quick Facts

B. Human Costs

slide4
When?
  • 1939-1945
  • US involvement 1941-1945

1939

1941

1945

Sept. 3 -Britain & France declare war on Germany

Dec. 7 – Japan bombs Pearl Harbor; US enters the War

May - Germans Surrender

Sept. - Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki, Japanese Surrender

Sept.1 - Germany invades Poland (official start to the war)

slide5
Who?

Axis

Allies

(major powers)

(major powers)

Great Britain

Germany

Russia

Italy

United States

Japan

France

(note: France surrendered to Germany in 1940 (after 6 weeks of fighting)

major leaders
Major Leaders

Adolf Hitler

Nazi Germany

Benito Mussolini

Italy

major leaders1
Major Leaders

Hideki Tojo

Japanese Prime Minister

Winston Churchill

British Prime Minister

major leaders2
Major Leaders

Joseph Stalin

Russian Leader

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

US President

why underlying causes of wwii
Why? (underlying causes of WWII)

1. Treaty of Versailles

A. Germany lost land to surrounding nations

B. War Reparations

Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, and Woodrow Wilsonduring negotiations for the Treaty

why underlying causes of wwii1
Why? (underlying causes of WWII)

2. World-wide Depression

A. The Depression made Germany’s debt even worse

B. Desperate people turn to desperate leaders

1) Hitler seemed to provide solutions to Germany’s problems

1923 - Wallpapering with German Deutchmarks

why underlying causes of wwii2
Why? (underlying causes of WWII)

2) Hitler provided scapegoats for Germany’s problems

3) Kristallnacht - vandalism & destruction of Jewish property & synagogues

slide12
Why?

A. In a Totalitarian country, individual rights are not viewed as important as the needs of the nation

  • 3. Rise of Totalitarian Regimes

Communist Dictatorship (USSR)

Fascist Dictatorship (Germany, Italy)

Fascism: military government with based on racism & nationalism with strong support from the business community

Totalitarianism

Military Dictatorship (Japan)

so what was hitler asking for
So What Was Hitler Asking For?
  • Return of German Speaking Lands - “Lebensraum”
  • Austria - Peacefully Annexed in 1938

German Troops Parade in Streets of Czechoslovakian Town, ca. 1939

so what was hitler asking for1
So What Was Hitler Asking For?
  • Sudetenland - (now part of Czech Republic)
  • Munich Conference - Great Britain & France give to Hitler in return for peace
  • Hitler then invades the rest of Czechoslovakia

German Troops Parade in Streets of Czechoslovakian Town, ca. 1939

meanwhile in the pacific
Meanwhile … in the Pacific
  • Pearl Harbor: “a date which will live in infamy”

What?

  • Surprise attack by the Japanese on American forces in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

Effect?

  • US declares war on Japan & other Axis powers

USS Arizona Sinking in Pearl Harbor

wwii questions
WWII Questions
  • How did Germany’s (Hitler’s) domestic and foreign policy affect relationships with people groups and countries?
  • How did the isolationist/neutral foreign policy of the world cause continued conflict in the years leading up to WWII?