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Regents Review

Regents Review

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Regents Review

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  1. Regents Review

  2. The Twenties • The “Roaring Twenties” • Red Scare • Palmer Raids • Sacco and Vanzetti Case

  3. The Twenties Automobile assembly line mass production Increased industry mass consumption speculation boom (people invest a lot of money, hoping to become rich)

  4. The Twenties • Scopes “Monkey” Trial—Evolution vs. Science • New restrictions on immigration • Harlem Renaissance

  5. The Great Depression(1929 – 1940) • Stock Market Crash • Dust Bowl • Hoovervilles

  6. Roosevelt’s “New Deal” • Government steps in to manage economy • Creation of jobs • Relief, Recovery, Reform • Brain Trust • “Fireside Chats”

  7. Wagner Act(1935) • Stimulated development of and protection of unions • Protective collective bargaining

  8. Schechter Poultry v. U.S.(1935) • Even during a national crisis, Congress can’t give President more powers than granted by Constitution

  9. United States v. Butler(1946) • Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) found unconstitutional

  10. FDR’s Court-Packing Plan(1937)

  11. Was the New Deal Successful? • Unemployment decreased • Full employment not achieved until WWII when production increased • FDR elected to 3rd and 4th term • 22nd Amendment (1951): President limited to two terms

  12. WWII • US tried to stay neutral (Neutrality), but became increasingly economically involved in helping Allies • Lend-Lease • Cash and Carry • Destroyers for bases • Pearl Harbor • Dec. 7, 1941

  13. Japanese Internment • Korematsu v. United States (1944)

  14. Post-War Recovery and the Beginning of the Cold War • Iron Curtain • Containment • Truman Doctrine (1947) • Marshall Plan (1948) • NATO (1949) • Collective Security

  15. Truman’s Loyalty Order(1947)

  16. HUAC • House Un-American Activities Committee: attacked writers, directors, actors

  17. Spies Among Us? Alger Hiss Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Executed for selling info to Soviets about the atomic bomb Serious doubts about guilt • Helped form U.N. • Arrested as Soviet spy

  18. “McCarthyism” • Senator Joseph McCarthy • Claimed hundreds of Commies had infiltrated the gov’t

  19. Korean War(1950 – 1953) • Containment  domino theory • China got involved in war  MacArthur wanted to use atomic bomb on them to end Comm. • Failure

  20. Brown v. Board of Ed(1954) • Overturns Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)  separate is NOT equal • Segregation illegal • Sparks Civil Rights movement

  21. Kennedy’s Presidency(1961 – 1963) • New Frontier • Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) • Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) • The Space Race

  22. Lyndon B. Johnson’s “Great Society” • To eliminate poverty and social injustice.

  23. Great Society Legislation • Civil Rights Act of 1964: Discrimination is illegal • Voting Rights Act of 1965: Ended poll taxes and literacy tests • 24th Amendment (1964): Poll taxes are illegal