Regents Review With Mr. Megna
Absolutism • A system of government where a ruler has compete control over the lives of the people.
Animism • The worship of sprits that are part of the natural environment.
Agriculture • Using the land to produce crops and raise livestock; farming.
Anthropologist • Social Scientist studies- people, their culture and the different ways of living and behavior.
Anti-Semitism • Hostility and prejudice against Jews. • Appeasement- Satisfying an aggressor’s requests in the hope that no more harsh request will be made. (Example Germany WWII)
Apartheid • A policy of segregation and political and economic discrimination against non-European groups in South America.
Archipelago • A group of islands. Artifacts- Objects made by either had or machine representing a particular culture.
Artisan • Trained or skilled worker; craftsman. Bushido- Japanese Samurai Code of Behavior; similar to the feudal code of behavior of the European Knights, called chivalry.
Cash Crop • The chief agriculture product raised in an economy in order to sell and obtain income. (Main Good) Civilization- Level of development of a group; including food productivity ability, government, and methods of communication.
Communism • Economic system where a single party controls the means of production with the Aim of establishing a classless society. A policy followed by the US during the Cold War to stop the spread of communism. Containment-
Coup d’ etat • Sudden and violent overthrow of a government by a small group.
Crusades • Military campaigns and pilgrimages by European Christians to win the Holy land from the Muslims. (1096-1204) Cultural Diffusion- Spread of cultural traits from one group to another.
Culture • The customs beliefs, social forms, and material traits of an ethnic, religious, or social group. Custom- Usual ways of acting in a particular situation.
Democracy • A political system in which the people participate in the making of their own laws or elect representatives to make the laws. Divine Right- The idea that God has given a ruler the right to rule.
Excommunication • Process of expulsion from the Roman Catholic Church, usually because of disobedience and violation of Church rules and laws. Ethnic Cleansing- Act of persecuting members of an ethnic group by killing them or by removing them from an area.
Feudalism • The political and economic system in which the vassal pledges loyalty and service to a lord in return for land and protection. A person under the protection of a feudal lord to whom he has vowed his loyalty and service; subordinate or follower. Vassal - Genocide- The destruction of a particular group of people.
Laissez faire • The theory that government should intervene as little as possible in a nation’s economic affairs. Marxist- One who believes in socialism as a method of government.
Prehistoric • Refers to a period of time prior to written history. The idea of using violence and fear of violence to gain an objective. Terraced farmland-
Thematic Essays • In developing your answers to the thematic and DBQ essays below, be sure to address the task by keeping these general definitions in mind: • (a)analyze means “to determine the nature and relationship of the component elements” • (b)compare and contrast means “to discuss similarities and differences” • (c)describe means “to illustrate something in words or tell about it” • (d)discuss means “to make observations about something using facts, reasoning, and argu-ment; to present in some detail” • (e)evaluate means “to examine and judge the significance, worth, or condition of; todetermine the value of” • (f)explain means “to make plain or understandable; to give reasons for or causes of; to show the logical development or relationships of”